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An Experiment on Spatial Price Competition

Author

Listed:
  • Henrik Orzen

    (School of Economics, University of Nottingham)

  • Martin Sefton

    () (School of Economics, University of Nottingham)

Abstract

We conduct an experiment on price competition in a segmented market. Each segment contains one seller and one consumer, and consumers incur transportation costs when they buy from a seller located in another segment. We observe persistent price dispersion in our experimental markets with the implication that consumers frequently switch suppliers. We find that larger markets are more competitive, and that competitive pressures in large markets preclude sellers from exploiting higher consumers’ willingness to pay. We compare laboratory outcomes against several theoretical benchmarks. We find that mixed strategy equilibrium predictions from the analysis of a static model perform better than alternative benchmarks in organizing the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Henrik Orzen & Martin Sefton, 2006. "An Experiment on Spatial Price Competition," Discussion Papers 2006-14, The Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham.
  • Handle: RePEc:not:notcdx:2006-14
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Evens Salies, 2012. "Asymmetric switching costs can improve the predictive power of shy's model," Working Papers hal-01070341, HAL.
    2. Aurélie Bonein & Stéphane Turolla, 2017. "Spatial competition with demand uncertainty: A laboratory experiment," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 17-12, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
    3. Barreda-Tarrazona, Iván & García-Gallego, Aurora & Georgantzís, Nikolaos & Andaluz-Funcia, Joaquín & Gil-Sanz, Agustín, 2011. "An experiment on spatial competition with endogenous pricing," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 74-83, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Spatial Price Competition; Price Dispersion; Experiments;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior

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