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Structuring Mortgages for Macroeconomic Stability

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  • John Y. Campbell
  • Nuno Clara
  • João F. Cocco

Abstract

We study mortgage design features aimed at stabilizing the macroeconomy. We model overlapping generations of mortgage borrowers and an infinitely lived risk-averse representative mortgage lender. Mortgages are priced using an equilibrium pricing kernel derived from the lender's endogenous consumption. We consider an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) with an option that during recessions allows borrowers to pay only interest on their loan and extend its maturity. We find that this maturity extension option stabilizes consumption growth over the business cycle, shifts defaults to expansions, and is welfare enhancing. The cyclical properties of the maturity extension ARM are attractive to a risk-averse lender so the mortgage can be provided at a relatively low cost.

Suggested Citation

  • John Y. Campbell & Nuno Clara & João F. Cocco, 2020. "Structuring Mortgages for Macroeconomic Stability," NBER Working Papers 27676, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:27676
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Structuring Mortgages for Macroeconomic Stability
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2020-09-14 23:24:18

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    Cited by:

    1. Andreas Fuster & Aurel Hizmo & Lauren Lambie-Hanson & James Vickery & Paul S. Willen, 2021. "How Resilient Is Mortgage Credit Supply? Evidence from the COVID-19 Pandemic," Working Papers 21-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    2. Andreas Fuster & David O. Lucca & James Vickery, 2022. "Mortgage-Backed Securities," Staff Reports 1001, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    3. Fatih Guvenen & Fatih Karahan & Serdar Ozkan & Jae Song, 2021. "What Do Data on Millions of U.S. Workers Reveal About Lifecycle Earnings Dynamics?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 89(5), pages 2303-2339, September.
    4. Claes Bäckman & Peter van Santen, 2020. "The Amortization Elasticity of Mortgage Demand," Economics Working Papers 2020-16, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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