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Structuring Mortgages for Macroeconomic Stability

Author

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  • JOHN Y. CAMPBELL
  • NUNO CLARA
  • JOÃO F. COCCO

Abstract

We study mortgage design features aimed at stabilizing the macroeconomy. We model overlapping generations of borrowers and an infinitely lived risk‐averse representative lender. Mortgages are priced using an equilibrium pricing kernel derived from the lender's endogenous consumption. We consider an adjustable‐rate mortgage with an option that during recessions allows borrowers to pay only interest on their loan and extend its maturity. The option stabilizes consumption growth over the business cycle, shifts defaults to expansions, and enhances welfare. The cyclical properties of the contract are attractive to a risk‐averse lender so that the mortgage can be provided at a relatively low cost.

Suggested Citation

  • John Y. Campbell & Nuno Clara & João F. Cocco, 2021. "Structuring Mortgages for Macroeconomic Stability," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 76(5), pages 2525-2576, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jfinan:v:76:y:2021:i:5:p:2525-2576
    DOI: 10.1111/jofi.13056
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    21. Keys, Benjamin J. & Pope, Devin G. & Pope, Jaren C., 2016. "Failure to refinance," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(3), pages 482-499.
    22. Sumit Agarwal & Richard J. Rosen & Vincent Yao, 2016. "Why Do Borrowers Make Mortgage Refinancing Mistakes?," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 62(12), pages 3494-3509, December.
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    24. Tomasz Piskorski & Amit Seru, 2018. "Mortgage Market Design: Lessons from the Great Recession," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 49(1 (Spring), pages 429-513.
    25. Janice Eberly & Arvind Krishnamurthy, 2014. "Efficient Credit Policies in a Housing Debt Crisis," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 45(2 (Fall)), pages 73-136.
    26. Piskorski, Tomasz & Seru, Amit & Vig, Vikrant, 2010. "Securitization and distressed loan renegotiation: Evidence from the subprime mortgage crisis," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(3), pages 369-397, September.
    27. Steffen Andersen & John Y. Campbell & Kasper Meisner Nielsen & Tarun Ramadorai, 2020. "Sources of Inaction in Household Finance: Evidence from the Danish Mortgage Market," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 110(10), pages 3184-3230, October.
    28. Dean Corbae & Erwan Quintin, 2015. "Leverage and the Foreclosure Crisis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 123(1), pages 1-65.
    29. Eric J Johnson & Stephan Meier & Olivier Toubia, 2019. "What’s the Catch? Suspicion of Bank Motives and Sluggish Refinancing," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 32(2), pages 467-495.
    30. Peter Ganong & Pascal J. Noel, 2020. "Why Do Borrowers Default on Mortgages? A New Method For Causal Attribution," Working Papers 2020-100, Becker Friedman Institute for Research In Economics.
    31. Marco Di Maggio & Amir Kermani & Benjamin J. Keys & Tomasz Piskorski & Rodney Ramcharan & Amit Seru & Vincent Yao, 2017. "Interest Rate Pass-Through: Mortgage Rates, Household Consumption, and Voluntary Deleveraging," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(11), pages 3550-3588, November.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Structuring Mortgages for Macroeconomic Stability
      by Christian Zimmermann in NEP-DGE blog on 2020-09-14 23:24:18

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andreas Fuster & Aurel Hizmo & Lauren Lambie-Hanson & James Vickery & Paul S. Willen, 2021. "How Resilient Is Mortgage Credit Supply? Evidence from the COVID-19 Pandemic," Working Papers 21-4, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
    2. Andreas Fuster & David O. Lucca & James Vickery, 2022. "Mortgage-Backed Securities," Staff Reports 1001, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    3. Matteo Benetton & Philippe Bracke & João F Cocco & Nicola Garbarinoifo, 2022. "Housing Consumption and Investment: Evidence from Shared Equity Mortgages [The anatomy of the transmission of macroprudential policies]," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 35(8), pages 3525-3573.
    4. Arpit Gupta & Christopher Hansman, 2022. "Selection, Leverage, and Default in the Mortgage Market [Liquidity constraints and imperfect information in subprime lending]," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 35(2), pages 720-770.
    5. Fatih Guvenen & Fatih Karahan & Serdar Ozkan & Jae Song, 2021. "What Do Data on Millions of U.S. Workers Reveal About Lifecycle Earnings Dynamics?," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 89(5), pages 2303-2339, September.
    6. Fang Wu & Qi Hu & Chenming Zhu & Haitao Wang & Qian Yu & Huaping Sun, 2021. "New Structural Economic Analysis of Anti-COVID-19 Pandemic Model of BEST Region," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 18(15), pages 1-23, July.
    7. Claes Bäckman & Peter van Santen, 2020. "The Amortization Elasticity of Mortgage Demand," Economics Working Papers 2020-16, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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