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Liquidity, Institutional Quality and the Composition of International Equity Flows

Author

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  • Itay Goldstein
  • Assaf Razin
  • Hui Tong

Abstract

FDI investors control the management of the firms, whereas FPI investors delegate decisions to managers. Therefore, direct investors are more informed than portfolio investors about the prospects of projects. This information enables them to manage their projects more efficiently. However, if investors need to sell their investments before maturity because of liquidity shocks, the liquidation price they can get will be lower when buyers know that they have more information on investment projects. In this paper we examine the choice between Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment at the level of the source country. Based on the Goldstein and Razin model, we predict that (1) source countries with higher expectation of future liquidity problems export relatively more FPI than FDI, and (2) this effect strengthens as the source country's capital market transparency worsens. To test these hypotheses, we examine the variation of FPI relative to FDI for source countries from 1985 to 2004. Our key variable is the predicted severity of liquidity shock, as proxied by episodes of economy-wide sales of external assets. Consistent with our theory, we find that the predicted liquidity shock has a strong effect on the composition of foreign equity investment. Furthermore, greater capital market opacity in the source country strengthens the effect of the liquidity shock.

Suggested Citation

  • Itay Goldstein & Assaf Razin & Hui Tong, 2010. "Liquidity, Institutional Quality and the Composition of International Equity Flows," NBER Working Papers 15727, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15727
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marcin Humanicki & Robert Kelm & Krzysztof Olszewski, 2013. "Foreign Direct Investment and Foreign Portfolio Investment in the contemporary globalized world: should they be still treated separately?," NBP Working Papers 167, Narodowy Bank Polski, Economic Research Department.
    2. Assaf Razin & Anuk Serechetapongse, 2010. "Equity Prices and Equity Flows: Testing Theory of the Information-Efficiency Tradeoff," NBER Working Papers 16651, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. repec:psc:journl:v:9:y:2017:i:2:p:115-135 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Xingwang Qian & Andreas Steiner, 2014. "International Reserves and the Composition of Foreign Equity Investment," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(2), pages 379-409, May.
    5. Lilian Ng & Fei Wu & Jing Yu & Bohui Zhang, 2016. "Foreign Investor Heterogeneity and Stock Liquidity around the World," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 20(5), pages 1867-1910.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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