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Dynamics and monetary policy in a fair wage model of the business cycle

  • David de la Croix

    ()

    (Department of economics, Université catholique de Louvain
    CORE)

  • Gregory de Walque

    ()

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research department
    Department of Economics, University of Namur)

  • Rafael Wouters

    ()

    (National Bank of Belgium, Research department)

We first build a fair wage model in which effort varies over the business cycle. This mechanism decreases the need for other sources of sluggishness to explain the observed high inflation persistence. Second, we confront empirically our fair wage model with a New Keynesian model based on the standard assumption of monopolistic competition in the labor market. We show that, in terms of overall fit, the fair wage model outperforms the New Keynesian one. The extension of the fair wage model with lagged wage is judged insignificant by the data, but the extension based on a rent sharing argument including firm’s productivity gains in the fair wage is not. Looking at the implications for monetary policy, we conclude that the additional trade-off problem created by the inefficient real wage behavior significantly affects nominal interest rates and inflation outcomes

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Paper provided by National Bank of Belgium in its series Working Paper Research with number 98.

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Length: 49 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:nbb:reswpp:200610-10
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  1. Noah Williams & Andrew Levin & Alexei Onatski, 2005. "Monetary Policy under Uncertainty in Micro-Founded Macroeconometric Models," Computing in Economics and Finance 2005 478, Society for Computational Economics.
  2. Michael T. Kiley, 1997. "Efficiency wages, nominal rigidities, and the cyclical behavior of real wages and marginal cost," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 1997-24, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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  4. Jean-Pierre DANTHINE & André KURMANN, 2002. "Fair Wages in a New Keynesian Model of the Business Cycle," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'Econométrie et d'Economie politique (DEEP) 02.10, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, DEEP.
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  18. Solow, Robert M., 1979. "Another possible source of wage stickiness," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 79-82.
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