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Does money grow on trees? Mitigation under climate policy in a heterogeneous sheep-beef sector

Author

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  • Levente Timar

    () (Motu Economic and Public Policy Research)

Abstract

I use simulations from the Land Use in Rural New Zealand model to consider mitigation for different classes of sheep-beef farms under climate policy. Farmers in the model can respond to carbon prices by abandoning or afforesting marginal land. In assessing carbon credits against liabilities, I consider only the income a farmer would be able to get with certainty without taking a carbon price risk. Farmers in intensive farm classes tend to bear the costs of emissions because their opportunity cost of exiting pastoral agriculture is high. The dominant land-use response in more extensive systems is land abandonment or afforestation, depending on location. Less profitable farm classes generally face higher average liabilities in relation to profits, both before and after the land-use response. Results indicate that farmers in North Island hill country may benefit most from afforestation opportunities. In this farm class, income from rewards could offset over half of farmers’ emission liabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Levente Timar, 2016. "Does money grow on trees? Mitigation under climate policy in a heterogeneous sheep-beef sector," Working Papers 16_09, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:mtu:wpaper:16_09
    as

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    File URL: http://motu-www.motu.org.nz/wpapers/16_09.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Levente Tímár, 2011. "Rural Land Use and Land Tenure in New Zealand," Working Papers 11_13, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    2. Isabelle Sin & Emma Brunton & Joanna Hendy & Suzi Kerr, 2005. "The likely regional impacts of an agricultural emissions policy in New Zealand: Preliminary analysis," Others 0509010, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Simon Anastasiadis & Suzi Kerr & Wei Zhang & Corey Allan & William Power, 2014. "Land Use in Rural New Zealand: Spatial Land Use, Land-use Change, and Model Validation," Working Papers 14_07, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    4. Levente Timar & Suzi Kerr, 2014. "Land-use Intensity and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the LURNZ Model," Working Papers 14_03, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
    5. Suzi Kerr & Simon Anastasiadis & Alex Olssen & William Power & Levente Tímár & Wei Zhang, 2012. "Spatial and Temporal Responses to an Emissions Trading System Covering Agriculture and Forestry: Simulation Results from New Zealand," Working Papers 12_10, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.
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    Cited by:

    1. Suzi Kerr, 2016. "Agricultural Emissions Mitigation in New Zealand: Answers to Questions from the Parliamentary Commisioner for the Environment," Working Papers 16_16, Motu Economic and Public Policy Research.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Climate change policy; sheep-beef farming; farm classes; mitigation; cost distribution;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns

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