Giving a Second Chance: an After-School Program in a Shantytown Interacting with Parents’ Type
Most discussion of after-school programs in shantytowns has centered on estimating mean impacts of programs, and results are not conclusive. Previous literature provides some explanations for these mixed results but this paper provides a new channel: the effectiveness of an after-school program on students depends on their parents’ type. One can argue that those parents who live in a shantytown may be there due to their bad type or because of bad luck (good type parents who are in a shantytown because they had bad luck in their lives but if they received an opportunity –such as an after-school program for their children- they would exploit it). The complementarities between after-school and parents’ good type are not obvious. Is a good policy to suggest responsible and committed parents to leave their children many hours a day in an after-school program? Would be better for those children to remain at home in contact with their committed parents? Should policy be directed to the children of bad type parents? By using random assignment to evaluate an after-school program in a developing country, we find that it is effective in raising children’s school achievement for those whose parents are of good type. Thus, this paper provides evidence that the knowledge of the distribution of impacts
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- Aizer, Anna, 2004. "Home alone: supervision after school and child behavior," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(9-10), pages 1835-1848, August.
- Kathleen Roche & Nan Astone & David Bishai, 2007. "Out-Of-School Care and Youth Problem Behaviors in Low-Income, Urban Areas," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 28(3), pages 471-488, September.
- Zimmer, Ron & Hamilton, Laura & Christina, Rachel, 2010. "After-school tutoring in the context of no Child Left Behind: Effectiveness of two programs in the Pittsburgh Public Schools," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 18-28, February.
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