FDI Spillovers and the Timing of Foreign Entry
This study analyzes the dynamic effect of FDI on local firmsâ€™ productivity by relaxing the standard implicit assumption that technological spillovers are immediate and permanent. We find that the entry of majority foreign owned firms has a short run negative effect on the productivity of local competitors, which is more than offset by a longer run positive effect. The entry of minority foreign owned firms has an immediate, though short-lived, positive effect on local suppliers through backward linkages. The entry of majority foreign owned firms also improves the productivity of local suppliers, but the effect materializes later and lasts longer.
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