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The Impact of Geography and Natural Resource Abundance on Growth in Central Asia

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  • Jesus Felipe
  • Utsav Kumar

Abstract

This paper examines the growth experience of the Central Asian economies after the breakup of the Soviet Union. In particular, it evaluates the impact of being landlocked and resource rich. The main conclusions are: (1) Over the period 1994–2006, the landlocked resource-scarce developing countries of Central Asia grew at a slower pace than other landlocked resource-scarce developing countries; on the other hand, resource-rich developing countries in Central Asia grew at the same pace as other resource-rich developing economies. (2) Having “good” neighbors pays off in the form of growth spillovers; this calls for greater regional cooperation and enhanced regional integration through regional transport infrastructure, improved trade facilitation, and enhanced and coordinated economic policies. And (3) countries with a higher share of manufacturing exports in GDP grow faster, and the more sophisticated a country’s export basket, the higher its future growth; Central Asian countries should, therefore, take a more aggressive stance in supporting export diversification and upgrading.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesus Felipe & Utsav Kumar, 2010. "The Impact of Geography and Natural Resource Abundance on Growth in Central Asia," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_629, Levy Economics Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:lev:wrkpap:wp_629
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    File URL: http://www.levyinstitute.org/pubs/wp_629.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jesus Felipe & Utsav Kumar, 2010. "The Role of Trade Facilitation in Central Asia: A Gravity Model," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_628, Levy Economics Institute.
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    Cited by:

    1. Frey, Daniel & Frey, Miriam & Wieslhuber, Carmen, 2013. "Do natural resources define convergence clubs? Empirical evidence from the Kazakh regions," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 404-414.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Central Asia; EXPY; Landlocked; Manufacturing Exports; Primary Exports; Resource-rich;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries
    • Q33 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Resource Booms (Dutch Disease)
    • Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts

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