IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/lec/leecon/10-19.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

R&D Subsidies, Spillovers and Privatization in Mixed Markets

Author

Listed:
  • Maria José Gil Moltó
  • Joanna Poyago.Theotoky
  • Vasileios Zikos

Abstract

We examine the use of subsidies to R&D in a mixed and a private duopoly market. We show that the socially optimal R&D subsidy is increasing in the degree of spillovers but it is lower in the private duopoly. The optimal R&D subsidy leads to an increase in total R&D and production, however, it does not lead to the equalisation of per firm output and therefore to an efficient distribution of production costs. We also find that privatization of the public firm reduces R&D activity and welfare in the duopoly market. This result stands even when optimal R&D subsidies are provided.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria José Gil Moltó & Joanna Poyago.Theotoky & Vasileios Zikos, 2010. "R&D Subsidies, Spillovers and Privatization in Mixed Markets," Discussion Papers in Economics 10/19, Division of Economics, School of Business, University of Leicester.
  • Handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:10/19
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.le.ac.uk/economics/research/RePEc/lec/leecon/dp10-19.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Anderson, Simon P. & de Palma, Andre & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1997. "Privatization and efficiency in a differentiated industry," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(9), pages 1635-1654, December.
    2. John S. Heywood & Guangliang Ye, 2009. "Partial Privatization In A Mixed Duopoly With An R&D Rivalry," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(2), pages 165-178, April.
    3. repec:ebl:ecbull:v:12:y:2005:i:6:p:1-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Tomaru, Yoshihiro, 2007. "Privatization, productive efficiency and social welfare with a foreign competitor," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(4), pages 224-232, December.
    5. Vasileios Zikos, 2007. "A Reappraisal of the Irrelevance result in mixed duopoly: A note on R&D competition," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 12(8), pages 1-6.
    6. Nishimori, Akira & Ogawa, Hikaru, 2002. "Public Monopoly, Mixed Oligopoly and Productive Efficiency," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(2), pages 185-190, June.
    7. Debashis Pal & Mark D. White, 1998. "Mixed Oligopoly, Privatization, and Strategic Trade Policy," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 65(2), pages 264-281, October.
    8. Delbono, Flavio & Denicolo, Vincenzo, 1993. "Regulating innovative activity : The role of a public firm," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 35-48, March.
    9. Munari, Federico & Roberts, Edward B. & Sobrero, Maurizio, 2002. "Privatization processes and the redefinition of corporate R&D boundaries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 31-53, January.
    10. Hikaru Ogawa & Ming Hsin Lin, 2005. "Cost reducing incentives in a mixed duopoly market," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 12(6), pages 1-6.
    11. White, Mark D., 1996. "Mixed oligopoly, privatization and subsidization," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 189-195, November.
    12. Matsumura, Toshihiro, 1998. "Partial privatization in mixed duopoly," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(3), pages 473-483, December.
    13. Toshihiro Matsumura & Osamu Kanda, 2005. "Mixed Oligopoly at Free Entry Markets," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 84(1), pages 27-48, February.
    14. Toshihiro Matsumura & Noriaki Matsushima, 2004. "Endogenous Cost Differentials between Public and Private Enterprises: A Mixed Duopoly Approach," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 71(284), pages 671-688, November.
    15. de Fraja, Giovanni & Delbono, Flavio, 1990. "Game Theoretic Models of Mixed Oligopoly," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(1), pages 1-17.
    16. Fjell, Kenneth & Heywood, John S., 2004. "Mixed oligopoly, subsidization and the order of firm's moves: the relevance of privatization," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 411-416, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Fan Zhang & Susu Cheng, 2021. "Behavioral choices in a dynamic duopoly with process innovation and sticky price: Myopia versus farsightedness," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 42(3), pages 662-674, April.
    2. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Implicit protectionism via state enterprises and technology transfer from foreign enterprises," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 723-743, August.
    3. Marie‐Laure Cabon‐Dhersin & Romain Gibert, 2020. "R&D cooperation, proximity and distribution of public funding between public and private research sectors," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(6), pages 773-800, December.
    4. Kesavayuth, Dusanee & Zikos, Vasileios, 2013. "R&D versus output subsidies in mixed markets," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 293-296.
    5. Jiaqi Chen & Sang-Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2021. "Welfare-reducing discriminatory output subsidies with mixed ownership and R&D," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 41(3), pages 1592-1602.
    6. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Firms' Costs, Profits, Entries, and Innovation under Optimal Privatization Policy," MPRA Paper 80927, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Sang-Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2021. "Endogenous Timing of R&D Decisions and Privatization Policy with Research Spillovers," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 21(4), pages 505-525, December.
    8. Bogoroditskaya, N., 2021. "Tax evasion and R&D subsidy in a mixed market," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 51(3), pages 30-49.
    9. Junichi Haraguchi & Toshihiro Matsumura, 2020. "Optimal privatization policy with asymmetry among private firms," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 72(3), pages 213-224, July.
    10. Pu‐yan Nie & Yong‐cong Yang, 2020. "Cost‐reduction innovation under mixed economy," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 41(7), pages 1195-1201, October.
    11. Matsumura, Toshihiro & Okumura, Yasunori, 2013. "Privatization neutrality theorem revisited," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 324-326.
    12. Lee, Sang-Ho & Muminov, Timur K. & Tomaru, Yoshihiro, 2017. "Partial Privatization And Subsidization In A Mixed Duopoly: R&D Versus Output Subsidies," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 58(2), pages 163-177, December.
    13. Liu, Yi & Tan, Yu & Fang, Yu, 2019. "Innovation spillover, licensing, and ex-post privatization in international duopoly," MPRA Paper 95467, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Mariel Leal & Arturo García & Sang-Ho Lee, 2021. "Sequencing R&D decisions with a consumer-friendly firm and spillovers," The Japanese Economic Review, Springer, vol. 72(2), pages 243-260, April.
    15. Lin, Ming Hsin & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Optimal Privatization and Uniform Subsidy Policies: A Synthesis," MPRA Paper 77285, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Sang‐Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2021. "R&D Information sharing in a mixed duopoly and incentive subsidy for research joint venture competition," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(2), pages 154-170, April.
    17. Toshihiro Matsumura & Makoto Okamura, 2015. "Competition and privatization policies revisited: the payoff interdependence approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 116(2), pages 137-150, October.
    18. Tai-Liang Chen, 2017. "Privatization and efficiency: a mixed oligopoly approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 120(3), pages 251-268, April.
    19. Jingjing Wang & Chi Leung & Yue Kwok, 2015. "Stochastic control model for R&D race in a mixed duopoly with spillovers and knowledge stocks," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 38(2), pages 177-195, October.
    20. Shoji Haruna & Rajeev K. Goel, 2017. "Output subsidies in mixed oligopoly with research spillovers," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 41(2), pages 235-256, April.
    21. Shoji Haruna & Rajeev K. Goel, 2019. "Optimal pollution control in a mixed oligopoly with research spillovers," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 58(1), pages 21-40, March.
    22. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Romain Gibert, 2017. "Cooperation or non-cooperation in R&D: how should research be funded? ," Working Papers hal-01587014, HAL.
    23. Wensheng Yang & Yinyuan Si & Jinxing Zhang & Sen Liu & Andrea Appolloni, 2021. "Coordination Mechanism of Dual-Channel Supply Chains Considering Retailer Innovation Inputs," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(2), pages 1-22, January.
    24. Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Romain Gibert, 2018. "Cooperation or non-cooperation in R&D: how should research be funded?," Post-Print hal-02006515, HAL.
    25. Chen, Jiaqi & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2021. "Cournot-Bertrand comparison under R&D competition: Output versus R&D subsidies," MPRA Paper 107949, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Shoji Haruna & Rajeev K. Goel, 2017. "Output subsidies in mixed oligopoly with research spillovers," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 41(2), pages 235-256, April.
    2. Maria Jose Gil-Molto & Dimitrios Varvarigos, 2014. "Environmental Investments in Mixed vs Private Oligopoly: What are the Implications of Privatization?," Discussion Papers in Economics 14/15, Division of Economics, School of Business, University of Leicester.
    3. Yoshihiro Tomaru & Masayuki Saito, 2010. "Mixed Duopoly, Privatization And Subsidization In An Endogenous Timing Framework," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 78(1), pages 41-59, January.
    4. Toshihiro Matsumura & Akira Ogawa, 2010. "On The Robustness Of Private Leadership In Mixed Duopoly," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 149-160, June.
    5. Ishibashi, Ikuo & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2006. "R&D competition between public and private sectors," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(6), pages 1347-1366, August.
    6. Prabal Roy chowdhury, 2009. "Mixed Oligopoly with Distortions: First Best with Budget-balance and the Irrelevance Principle," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(3), pages 1873-1888.
    7. Juan Carlos Bárcena‐Ruiz & María Begoña Garzón, 2020. "Disclosure of R&D knowledge in a mixed duopoly," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 88(4), pages 584-598, July.
    8. Haraguchi, Junichi & Matsumura, Toshihiro, 2017. "Firms' Costs, Profits, Entries, and Innovation under Optimal Privatization Policy," MPRA Paper 80927, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Arghya Ghosh & Manipushpak Mitra & Bibhas Saha, 2015. "Privatization, Underpricing, and Welfare in the Presence of Foreign Competition," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 17(3), pages 433-460, June.
    10. Ishida, Junichiro & Matsushima, Noriaki, 2009. "Should civil servants be restricted in wage bargaining? A mixed-duopoly approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(3-4), pages 634-646, April.
    11. Toshihiro Matsumura & Yoshihiro Tomaru, 2013. "Mixed duopoly, privatization, and subsidization with excess burden of taxation," Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue canadienne d'économique, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 46(2), pages 526-554, May.
    12. Liu, Yi & Lahiri, Sajal & Liu, Tianqi, 2018. "Optimal Partial Privatization in the Presence of Foreign Competition: The Role of Efficiency Differentials and Unemployment," MPRA Paper 91471, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 23 Jan 2019.
    13. Basak, Debasmita & Wang, Leonard F.S., 2019. "Cournot vs. Bertrand in mixed markets with R&D," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 265-271.
    14. Kazuhiro Ohnishi, 2011. "A Quantity-Setting Mixed Duopoly with Inventory Investment as a Coordination Device," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 12(1), pages 109-119, May.
    15. Toshihiro Matsumura & Noriaki Matsushima & Ikuo Ishibashi, 2009. "Privatization and entries of foreign enterprises in a differentiated industry," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 98(3), pages 203-219, December.
    16. Tai-Liang Chen, 2017. "Privatization and efficiency: a mixed oligopoly approach," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 120(3), pages 251-268, April.
    17. Roy Chowdhury, Prabal, 2009. "Mixed Duopoly with Price Competition," MPRA Paper 9220, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Lee, Sang-Ho & Matsumura, Toshihiro & Sato, Susumu, 2017. "A New Approach to Free Entry Markets in Mixed Oligopolies: Welfare Implications," MPRA Paper 76450, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Jiaqi Chen & Sang-Ho Lee & Timur K. Muminov, 2021. "Welfare-reducing discriminatory output subsidies with mixed ownership and R&D," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 41(3), pages 1592-1602.
    20. Lee, Sang-Ho & Muminov, Timur K. & Tomaru, Yoshihiro, 2017. "Partial Privatization And Subsidization In A Mixed Duopoly: R&D Versus Output Subsidies," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 58(2), pages 163-177, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    mixed duopoly; process innovation; R&D subsidies; privatization; spillovers.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L31 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Nonprofit Institutions; NGOs; Social Entrepreneurship
    • L32 - Industrial Organization - - Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise - - - Public Enterprises; Public-Private Enterprises
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L50 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:10/19. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/deleiuk.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Abbie Sleath (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/deleiuk.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.