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Cultural determinants of countries management efficiency:A random coefficients stochastic frontier approach

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  • Maria del Pilar Baquero Forero
  • Toshifumi Kuroda
  • Takanori Ida

Abstract

From a country’s perspective, management refers to the organization of inputs, such as national capital or labor. In this paper, we investigate i) the mechanism in which countries management impacts national income, and ii) the cultural sources of di erent management levels among countries. We found that countries management mainly a ects income due to its interaction with physical capital, rather than through its relation with labor or education. Furthermore, management levels are shown to be positively correlated to language and religious homogeneity, the existence of Britishstyle institutions and the degree of individualism. Our methodology is twofold. First, using data of 62 countries from 1980 to 2004, we estimated a management input without the use of proxies. For this purpose, we employed a stochastic production frontier with random coecients. Second, we regressed by OLS the estimated management input on cultural variables, for a sub-sample of 33 countries with available cultural data.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria del Pilar Baquero Forero & Toshifumi Kuroda & Takanori Ida, 2010. "Cultural determinants of countries management efficiency:A random coefficients stochastic frontier approach," Discussion papers e-10-012, Graduate School of Economics Project Center, Kyoto University.
  • Handle: RePEc:kue:dpaper:e-10-012
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Dani Rodrik & Arvind Subramanian & Francesco Trebbi, 2004. "Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions Over Geography and Integration in Economic Development," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 131-165, June.
    2. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2002. "Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(4), pages 1231-1294.
    3. Antonio Alvarez & Carlos Arias, 2003. "Diseconomies of Size with Fixed Managerial Ability," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 85(1), pages 134-142.
    4. Licht, Amir N. & Goldschmidt, Chanan & Schwartz, Shalom H., 2007. "Culture rules: The foundations of the rule of law and other norms of governance," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 659-688, December.
    5. Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(1), pages 83-116.
    6. Rui Cunha Marques & Carlos Pestana Barros, 2011. "Performance of European airports: regulation, ownership and managerial efficiency," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(1), pages 29-37.
    7. Bill Greene with Antonio Alvarez (Univ. of Oviedo) & Carlos Arias (Univ. of Leon), 2004. "Accounting For Unobservables In Production Models: Management And Inefficiency," Econometric Society 2004 Australasian Meetings 341, Econometric Society.
    8. Huynh, Kim P. & Jacho-Chávez, David T., 2009. "Growth and governance: A nonparametric analysis," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(1), pages 121-143, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Random coefficients stochastic production frontier; countries management; language and religious diversity; British-style institutions; individualism;

    JEL classification:

    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth

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