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Global Links and Local Bonds: The Role of Ownership and Size in Productivity Growth

  • Erol Taymaz

    ()

    (Middle East Technical University)

  • Ebru Voyvoda

    ()

    (Middle East Technical University)

  • Kamil Yilmaz

    ()

    (Koc University)

This paper examines direct and indirect contributions of foreign firms and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to aggregate productivity growth. We focus our attention on foreign firms and small firms for three reasons. First, industrial policy in almost all countries is oriented towards supporting SMEs and attracting foreign investment. Second, these two categories of firms contribute to micro-heterogeneity in all industries. Third, the recent industrial dynamics literature on foreign investment and small firms emphasizes the potential benefits of foreign firms and SMEs in generating new technologies, and creating new jobs. Using the data for Turkish manufacturing plants, we estimate production functions for all ISIC 4-digit level industries for the 1983-2001 period. We decompose productivity growth into its components (structural change, entry and exit, technical change, efficiency change, and scale effects) by firm ownership and size. The decomposition analysis by firm ownership and size allows us to understand the sources of productivity contributions by foreign firms and small firms.

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File URL: http://eaf.ku.edu.tr/sites/eaf.ku.edu.tr/files/erf_wp_1020.pdf
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Paper provided by Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum in its series Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers with number 1020.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Jun 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1020
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  1. Johannes Van Biesebroeck, 2003. "Revisiting Some Productivity Debates," NBER Working Papers 10065, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Koen De Backer & Leo Sleuwaegen, 2002. "Foreign ownership and productivity dynamics," Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School Working Paper Series 2002-13, Vlerick Leuven Gent Management School.
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