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Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo


  • Isaac Kalonda-Kanyama

    (Department of Economics, The University of Kansas)


This paper estimates the effect of conflict and conflict-related vulnerability factors, namely sexual violence and economic vulnerability, on HIV prevalence rates. We find that HIV prevalence rates are higher in conflict-affected regions of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) than in non-conflict regions, and that sexual violence and economic vulnerability significantly affect HIV prevalence rates. Specifically we find that (i) HIV prevalence is 1.64 % higher in war-affected zones than elsewhere in the DRC; (ii) the impact of sexual violence in conflict-affected regions is 55 times greater than on average (1.10 % versus 0.02 %); (iii) Civil war and sexual violence jointly increase HIV infection rates by 1.45 %; (iv) Finally, economic conflict-related vulnerability does not explain HIV infection rates. In contrast, a one percent point decrease in the poverty incidence, that is a reduction in economic vulnerability, increases HIV prevalence rates by 0.048 % regardless of the situation of conflict.

Suggested Citation

  • Isaac Kalonda-Kanyama, 2011. "Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo," WORKING PAPERS SERIES IN THEORETICAL AND APPLIED ECONOMICS 201101, University of Kansas, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2011.
  • Handle: RePEc:kan:wpaper:201101

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Simon Gregson & Heather Waddell & Stephen Chandiwana, 2001. "School education and HIV control in sub-Saharan Africa: from discord to harmony?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 467-485.
    2. Jane Fortson, 2008. "The gradient in sub-saharan Africa: Socioeconomic status and HIV/AIDS," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 45(2), pages 303-322, May.
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    More about this item


    AIDS; HIV; Civil war; sexual violence; DRC; Sub-Saharan Africa.;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General

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