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Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo


  • Isaac Kalonda-Kanyama

    () (University of Kansas; Universite de Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo)


This paper estimates the effect of sexual violence and economic vulnerability on HIV prevalence rates in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. We find that HIV prevalence rates are higher in conflict-affected regions than in non-conflict regions, and that sexual violence and economic vulnerability significantly affect HIV prevalence rates. The combined effect of civil war and sexual violence is positive and strongly significant. However, conflict-related economic vulnerability does not explain HIV infections.

Suggested Citation

  • Isaac Kalonda-Kanyama, 2010. "Civil War, Sexual Violence and HIV Infections: Evidence from the Democratic Republic of the Congo," Journal of African Development, African Finance and Economic Association, vol. 12(2), pages 47-60.
  • Handle: RePEc:afe:journl:v:12:y:2010:i:2:p:47-60

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Simon Gregson & Heather Waddell & Stephen Chandiwana, 2001. "School education and HIV control in sub-Saharan Africa: from discord to harmony?," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(4), pages 467-485.
    2. Jane Fortson, 2008. "The gradient in sub-saharan Africa: Socioeconomic status and HIV/AIDS," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 45(2), pages 303-322, May.
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    More about this item


    civil war; sexual violence; HIV; Democratic Republic of the Congo; DRC; economics;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General


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