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Development strategy in Bihar through revitalizing the agricultural sector : a preliminary analysis

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  • Fujita, Koichi

Abstract

Based mainly on secondary data and partly on primary information obtained through field surveys in selected rural areas in Bihar in 2011, this paper firstly argues the critical importance of agricultural growth for overall economic development, and then reviews the sluggish growth of agriculture in Bihar in the past and examines the major reasons for this. The long-term negligence of agricultural research (especially development and diffusion endeavors for improved rice varieties suitable to the local conditions of Bihar) by the state government and some sort of ‘backwardness’ in tube-well irrigation technology can be pointed out as important constraints. There is, in particular, the ‘paradox’ in Bihar agriculture of why rice and wheat yields have remained so low in spite of the relatively well-developed irrigation by tube-wells. Finally, by showing the process of a rapid increase in autumn and winter rice yields during the 1990s in West Bengal, it is suggested that Bihar farmers and policy-makers should learn from the experience of West Bengal in order to get some hints for the development of the rice sector in Bihar.

Suggested Citation

  • Fujita, Koichi, 2012. "Development strategy in Bihar through revitalizing the agricultural sector : a preliminary analysis," IDE Discussion Papers 332, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper332
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    File URL: https://ir.ide.go.jp/?action=repository_action_common_download&item_id=37842&item_no=1&attribute_id=22&file_no=1
    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Fujita, Koichi & Kundu, Ashok & Jaim, W. M. H., 2003. "Groundwater Market and Agricultural Development in West Bengal: Perspectives from a Village Study," Japanese Journal of Rural Economics, Agricultural Economics Society of Japan (AESJ), vol. 5.
    2. The World Bank,, 2005. "India: Re-Energizing the Agricultural Sector to Sustain Growth and Reduce Poverty," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195674323.
    3. World Bank, 2000. "India : Reducing Poverty, Accelerating Development," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15185.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    India; Community development; Agriculture; Rice; Wheat; Local economy; Bihar; Agricultural backwardness; Rice improved varieties; Tube-wells; Experience of West Bengal;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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