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Issues Affecting the Movement of Rural Labour in Myanmar: Rakhine Case Study


  • Okamoto, Ikuko


This paper presents issues affecting the movement of rural labour in Myanmar, by examining thebackground, purpose and earned income of labourers migrating to fishing villages in southernRakhine. A broad range of socioeconomic classes, from poor to rich, farmers to fishermen, ismigrating from broader areas to specific labour-intensive fishing subsectors, such as anchovy fishing.These labourers are a mixed group of people whose motives lie either in supplementing theirhousehold income or accumulating capital for further expansion of their economic activities. Theconcentration of migrating labourers with different objectives in this particular unstable, unskilledemployment opportunity suggests an insufficiently developed domestic labour market in ruralMyanmar. There is a pressing need to create stable labour-intensive industries to meet this demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Okamoto, Ikuko, 2009. "Issues Affecting the Movement of Rural Labour in Myanmar: Rakhine Case Study," IDE Discussion Papers 206, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
  • Handle: RePEc:jet:dpaper:dpaper206

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Okamoto, Ikuko, 2008. "The Shrimp Export Boom and Small-Scale Fishermen in Myanmar," IDE Discussion Papers 135, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    2. Ellis, Frank, 2000. "Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198296966, June.
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    More about this item


    Migration; Labour; Fishery; Migrant labor; Labor market;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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