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Women Political Leaders, Corruption and Learning: Evidence from a Large Public Program in India

  • Afridi, Farzana

    ()

    (Indian Statistical Institute)

  • Iversen, Vegard

    ()

    (University of Manchester)

  • Sharan, M.R.

    ()

    (Jameel Poverty Action Lab (JPAL))

We use the nation-wide policy of randomly allocating village council headships to women to identify the impact of female political leadership on the governance of projects implemented under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act in India. Using primary survey data, we find more program inefficiencies and leakages in village councils reserved for women heads: political and administrative inexperience make such councils more vulnerable to bureaucratic capture. When using a panel of audit reports, governance improves as female leaders accumulate experience. These results suggest that female political leadership may generate gains in governance but only after the initial, gendered disadvantages recede. Our findings highlight capacity building as necessary for bolstering the effectiveness of political quotas for women.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 7212.

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Length: 51 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2013
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Economic Development and Cultural Change, 2017
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp7212
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