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Public expenditure choices and gender quotas


  • Indira Rajaraman
  • Manish Gupta


Purpose - This paper aims to be nested in the empirical literature examining the impact of gender quotas for elected posts to local government councils ( Design/methodology/approach - The model is tested on field survey data from a sample of 776 Findings - For the region surveyed, a higher probability of expenditure on waterworks is found in the presence of key variables that explain the incidence of water-borne diseases like cholera and diarrhea, as ascertained from a separate set of specifications. The gender of the head is statistically insignificant. Thus, in the region studies, gender of the head is trumped by economic fundamentals in expenditure choices, but this leaves open the possibility that the (uniform) gender quotas at membership level may have been what aligned choices with fundamentals. Originality/value - The key message of this paper is that the citizen candidate framework does not point to unique outcomes where public choice emerges from multi-member councils. Following from this, any finding on the impact of a gender quota at the level of head will necessarily be context-specific, and cannot become the basis for generalized expectations.

Suggested Citation

  • Indira Rajaraman & Manish Gupta, 2012. "Public expenditure choices and gender quotas," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 5(2), pages 108-130, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:igdrpp:v:5:y:2012:i:2:p:108-130

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    Cited by:

    1. Farzana Afridi & Vegard Iversen & M. R. Sharan, 2017. "Women Political Leaders, Corruption, and Learning: Evidence from a Large Public Program in India," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 66(1), pages 1-30.
    2. Dilip Mookherjee, 2014. "Accountability of local and state governments in India: an overview of recent research," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(1), pages 12-41, April.
    3. Lakshmi Iyer & Anandi Mani & Prachi Mishra & Petia Topalova, 2012. "The Power of Political Voice: Women's Political Representation and Crime in India," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(4), pages 165-193, October.
    4. Kiran Gajwani & Xiaobo Zhang, 2015. "Gender and Public Goods Provision in Tamil Nadu's Village Governments," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 29(2), pages 234-261.
    5. Bell, Clive & Mukhopadhyay, Abhiroop, 2015. "Income Guarantees and Borrowing in Risky Environments: Evidence from India's Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme," IZA Discussion Papers 9357, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).


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