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The Effects of Pharmacological Treatment of ADHD on Children's Health

Author

Listed:
  • Dalsgaard, Søren

    () (Aarhus University)

  • Nielsen, Helena Skyt

    () (Aarhus University)

  • Simonsen, Marianne

    () (Aarhus University)

Abstract

We are the first to investigate longer-term effects of pharmacological treatment of ADHD on children's health. We rely on a difference-in-differences strategy while exploiting Danish register-based panel data for children born in 1990-1999. We study effects of treatment initiated between ages five and ten and document that treated children benefit in terms of fewer hospital contacts in general, fewer emergency ward contacts, and fewer injuries. Estimated effects are large: early treatment is effective in reducing the probability of at least one hospital contact in a given year with around 30% compared to the mean. Effects are significantly smaller in later cohorts where more children are diagnosed and treated.

Suggested Citation

  • Dalsgaard, Søren & Nielsen, Helena Skyt & Simonsen, Marianne, 2012. "The Effects of Pharmacological Treatment of ADHD on Children's Health," IZA Discussion Papers 6714, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6714
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Almond, Douglas & Currie, Janet, 2011. "Human Capital Development before Age Five," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier.
    2. James Heckman & Flavio Cunha, 2007. "The Technology of Skill Formation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 97(2), pages 31-47, May.
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    4. Richard Blundell & Monica Costa Dias, 2009. "Alternative Approaches to Evaluation in Empirical Microeconomics," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(3).
    5. Currie, Janet & Stabile, Mark, 2006. "Child mental health and human capital accumulation: The case of ADHD," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(6), pages 1094-1118, November.
    6. Kvist, Anette Primdal & Nielsen, Helena Skyt & Simonsen, Marianne, 2011. "The Effects of Children's ADHD on Parents' Relationship Dissolution and Labor Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 6092, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Fletcher, Jason & Wolfe, Barbara, 2008. "Child mental health and human capital accumulation: The case of ADHD revisited," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 794-800, May.
    8. Ding, Weili & Lehrer, Steven F. & Rosenquist, J.Niels & Audrain-McGovern, Janet, 2009. "The impact of poor health on academic performance: New evidence using genetic markers," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 578-597, May.
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    10. Todd E. Elder & Darren H. Lubotsky, 2009. "Kindergarten Entrance Age and Children’s Achievement: Impacts of State Policies, Family Background, and Peers," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(3).
    11. Fletcher, Jason M. & Lehrer, Steven F., 2011. "Genetic lotteries within families," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 647-659, July.
    12. Fletcher Jason M. & Lehrer Steven F, 2009. "The Effects of Adolescent Health on Educational Outcomes: Causal Evidence Using Genetic Lotteries between Siblings," Forum for Health Economics & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(2), pages 1-33, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kvist, Anette Primdal & Nielsen, Helena Skyt & Simonsen, Marianne, 2011. "The Effects of Children's ADHD on Parents' Relationship Dissolution and Labor Supply," IZA Discussion Papers 6092, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Tine Louise Mundbjerg Eriksen & Helena Skyt Nielsen & Marianne Simonsen, 2012. "The Effects of Bullying in Elementary School," Economics Working Papers 2012-16, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ADHD; evaluation; health;

    JEL classification:

    • I1 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health

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