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Marital Violence and Women's Employment and Property Status: Evidence from North Indian Villages

Author

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  • Bhattacharya, Manasi

    () (affiliation not available)

  • Bedi, Arjun S.

    () (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Chhachhi, Amrita

    () (ISS, Erasmus University Rotterdam)

Abstract

Dominant development policy approaches recommend women's employment on the grounds that it facilitates their empowerment, which in turn is believed to be instrumental in enhancing women's well-being. However, empirical work on the relationship between women's employment status and their well-being as measured by freedom from marital violence yields an ambiguous picture. Motivated by this ambiguity, this paper draws on testimonies of men and women and data gathered from rural Uttar Pradesh, to examine the effect of women's employment and asset status as measured by their participation in paid work and their ownership of property, respectively, on spousal violence. Unlike the existing literature, we treat women's work status and violence as simultaneously determined and find that women's engagement in paid work and ownership of property, are associated with sharp reductions in marital violence.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhattacharya, Manasi & Bedi, Arjun S. & Chhachhi, Amrita, 2009. "Marital Violence and Women's Employment and Property Status: Evidence from North Indian Villages," IZA Discussion Papers 4361, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp4361
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Amy Farmer & Jill Tiefenthaler, 1997. "An Economic Analysis of Domestic Violence," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(3), pages 337-358.
    2. Junsen Zhang & William Chan, 1999. "Dowry and Wife's Welfare: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(4), pages 786-808, August.
    3. Rao, Vijayendra, 1997. "Wife-beating in rural South India: A qualitative and econometric analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 44(8), pages 1169-1180, April.
    4. Panda, Pradeep & Agarwal, Bina, 2005. "Marital violence, human development and women's property status in India," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 823-850, May.
    5. Lundberg, Shelly & Pollak, Robert A, 1993. "Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(6), pages 988-1010, December.
    6. Francis Bloch & Vijayendra Rao, 2002. "Terror as a Bargaining Instrument: A Case Study of Dowry Violence in Rural India," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(4), pages 1029-1043, September.
    7. Tauchen, Helen V & Witte, Ann Dryden & Long, Sharon K, 1991. "Domestic Violence: A Nonrandom Affair," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 32(2), pages 491-511, May.
    8. Rivers, Douglas & Vuong, Quang H., 1988. "Limited information estimators and exogeneity tests for simultaneous probit models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 347-366, November.
    9. Srinivasan, Sharada & Bedi, Arjun S., 2007. "Domestic Violence and Dowry: Evidence from a South Indian Village," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 857-880, May.
    10. Suen, Wing & Chan, William & Zhang, Junsen, 2003. "Marital transfer and intra-household allocation: a Nash-bargaining analysis," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 133-146, September.
    11. Hindin, Michelle J. & Adair, Linda S., 2002. "Who's at risk? Factors associated with intimate partner violence in the Philippines," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 55(8), pages 1385-1399, October.
    12. Lena Edlund, 2000. "The Marriage Squeeze Interpretation of Dowry Inflation: A Comment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(6), pages 1327-1333, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jamal, Haroon, 2017. "Explaining Spousal Physical Violence through Dimensions of Women Empowerment: Evidence from Pakistan," MPRA Paper 83414, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. César Alonso-Borrego & Raquel Carrasco, 2017. "Employment and the risk of domestic violence: does the breadwinner’s gender matter?," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(50), pages 5074-5091, October.
    3. repec:eee:socmed:v:196:y:2018:i:c:p:197-203 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Girard, Alexandra M., 2014. "Stepping into Formal Politics," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1-18.
    5. Augusto Mendoza Calderón, 2017. "El Efecto del Empleo sobre la Violencia Doméstica: Evidencia para las Mujeres Peruanas," Working Papers 2017-99, Peruvian Economic Association.
    6. repec:ebl:ecbull:eb-17-00193 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Vijaya, Ramya M. & Lahoti, Rahul & Swaminathan, Hema, 2014. "Moving from the Household to the Individual: Multidimensional Poverty Analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 70-81.
    8. Ana María Iregui-Bohórquez & María Teresa Ramírez-Giraldo & Ana María Tribín-Uribe, 2015. "Mujer rural y violencia doméstica en Colombia," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 014063, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    9. Menon, Nidhiya & van der Meulen Rodgers, Yana & Nguyen, Huong, 2014. "Women’s Land Rights and Children’s Human Capital in Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 18-31.
    10. Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo J & Rios-Avila, Fernando, 2010. "Domestic Violence and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from a Mixed-Race Developing Country," IZA Discussion Papers 5273, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    11. Swaminathan, Hema & Lahoti, Rahul & Suchita, J. Y., 2012. "Women’s Property, Mobility, and Decisionmaking: Evidence from Rural Karnataka, India:," IFPRI discussion papers 1188, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    12. repec:eee:wdevel:v:102:y:2018:i:c:p:18-29 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    domestic violence; employment status; property ownership; India;

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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