Scaling Up Sanitation: Evidence from an RCT in Indonesia
This paper evaluates the effectiveness of a widely used sanitation intervention, Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), using a randomized controlled trial. The intervention was implemented at scale across rural East Java in Indonesia. CLTS increases toilet construction, reduces roundworm infestations, and decreases community tolerance of open defecation. Financial constraints faced by poorer households limit their ability to improve sanitation. We also examine the program's scale up process which included local governments taking over implementation of CLTS from professional resource agencies. The results suggest that all of the sanitation and health benefits accrue from villages where resource agencies implemented the program, while local government implementation produced no discernible benefits.
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- Abhijit Banerjee & Rukmini Banerji & James Berry & Esther Duflo & Harini Kannan & Shobhini Mukherji & Marc Shotland & Michael Walton, 2016.
"From Proof of Concept to Scalable Policies: Challenges and Solutions, with an Application,"
NBER Working Papers
22931, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Banerjee, Abhijit & Banerji, Rukmini & Berry, James & Duflo, Esther & Kannan, Harini & Mukerji, Shobhini & Shotland, Marc & Walton, Michael, 2017. "From Proof of Concept to Scalable Policies: Challenges and Solutions, with an Application," CEPR Discussion Papers 11762, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Samia Amin & Anu Rangarajan & Evan Borkum, 2011. "Improving Sanitation at Scale: Lessons from TSSM Implementation in East Java, Indonesia," Mathematica Policy Research Reports a1cbdc1d9d9c4144a1a20332a, Mathematica Policy Research.
- repec:mpr:mprres:7255 is not listed on IDEAS
- Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge & Kjetil Bjorvatn & Kartika Sari Juniwaty & Bertil Tungodden, 2012. "Business Training in Tanzania: From Research-driven Experiment to Local Implementation-super- †," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 21(5), pages -827, November. Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)
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