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The Effect of One Laptop per Child on Teachers' Pedagogical Practices and Students' Use of Time at Home


  • Yamada, Gustavo

    () (Universidad del Pacifico)

  • Lavado, Pablo

    () (Universidad del Pacifico)

  • Montenegro, Guadalupe

    (Group for the Analysis od Development (GRADE))


This document investigates the effect that the delivery of XO laptops in Peru has had on teachers' pedagogical practices and students' use of time in the home based on information from a randomized control trial. The results show that the delivery of XO laptops reduces the probability that teachers will use a student-centered method with cooperative characteristics between 6 and 13 pp while this type of pedagogical practice has a positive impact on student performance in the area of language (between 1.5 and 2sd). We found two contrary effects in the home. XO laptops reduce the probability that a student will do homework at home by 4 pp despite the fact that doing so increases language performance 4 standard deviations. Additionally, XO laptops increase the probability of watching television by 8 pp although said activity reduces performance 2 sd. XO laptops also reduce the probability that students will perform household chores between 9 and 40 pp while said activity increases language performance between 0.2 and 1.6 standard deviations for language. We did not find effects on language and the majority of results refer to students in fourth grade of primary. The variety and overlapping of effects may explain the null effect of the program for the sample of 2nd to 6th grade of primary and the negative effect for fourth of primary.

Suggested Citation

  • Yamada, Gustavo & Lavado, Pablo & Montenegro, Guadalupe, 2016. "The Effect of One Laptop per Child on Teachers' Pedagogical Practices and Students' Use of Time at Home," IZA Discussion Papers 10432, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10432

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hanushek, Eric A, 1995. "Interpreting Recent Research on Schooling in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 10(2), pages 227-246, August.
    2. James S. Coleman, 1968. "Equality of Educational Opportunity: Reply to Bowles and Levin," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 3(2), pages 237-246.
    3. Fred D. Davis & Richard P. Bagozzi & Paul R. Warshaw, 1989. "User Acceptance of Computer Technology: A Comparison of Two Theoretical Models," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 35(8), pages 982-1003, August.
    4. Hanushek, Eric, 1971. "Teacher Characteristics and Gains in Student Achievement: Estimation Using Micro Data," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 61(2), pages 280-288, May.
    5. Diether Beuermann & Julian P. Cristia & Yyannu Cruz-Aguayo & Santiago Cueto & Ofer Malamud, 2012. "Home Computers and Child Outcomes: Short-Term Impacts from a Randomized Experiment in Peru," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 4204, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. Abhijit V. Banerjee & Shawn Cole & Esther Duflo & Leigh Linden, 2007. "Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1235-1264.
    7. Guloba, Madina & Wokadala, James & Bategeka, Lawrence, 2010. "Does teaching methods and availability of Teaching resources influence pupils’ Performance: evidence from four Districts in Uganda," Research Series 127537, Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC).
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    More about this item


    education; technology; teacher; teaching methods; pedagogical practices; academic performance; laptop; OLPC; time; activities; household;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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