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Age at Immigration Matters for Labor Market Integration: The Swedish Example

Author

Listed:
  • Gustafsson, Björn Anders

    () (University of Gothenburg)

  • Mac Innes, Hanna

    () (University of Gothenburg)

  • Österberg, Torun

    () (University of Gothenburg)

Abstract

This paper analyses how age at immigration to Sweden and getting a first foothold in the labor market is related. We estimate hazard rate models using registry data on all persons who arrived in each of the years 1990, 1994, 1998, and 2002. The results show that the number of years taken to get a foothold in the Swedish labor market increases rapidly by age among immigrants from middle- and low-income countries aged 40 +. Most individuals who are born in middle- or low-income countries who immigrate after age 50 never get a foothold in the Swedish labor market.

Suggested Citation

  • Gustafsson, Björn Anders & Mac Innes, Hanna & Österberg, Torun, 2016. "Age at Immigration Matters for Labor Market Integration: The Swedish Example," IZA Discussion Papers 10423, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10423
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Riach, Peter A. & Rich, Judy, 2006. "An Experimental Investigation of Age Discrimination in the French Labour Market," IZA Discussion Papers 2522, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Peter A. Riach & Judith Rich, 2010. "An Experimental Investigation of Age Discrimination in the English Labor Market," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 99-100, pages 169-185.
    3. Alpaslan Akay, 2016. "Dynamics of employment assimilation," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-22, December.
    4. Charlotta Hedberg & Tiit Tammaru, 2013. "‘Neighbourhood Effects’ and ‘City Effects’: The Entry of Newly Arrived Immigrants into the Labour Market," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 50(6), pages 1165-1182, May.
    5. Roger Wilkins, 2003. "Immigrant Earnings Adjustment: The Impact of Age at Migration," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(3), pages 292-315, September.
    6. Mats Hammarstedt & Ghazi Shukur, 2007. "Immigrants' relative earnings in Sweden – a quantile regression approach," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(1), pages 456 - 473, August.
    7. Mahmood Arai & Peter Skogman Thoursie, 2009. "Renouncing Personal Names: An Empirical Examination of Surname Change and Earnings," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 27(1), pages 127-147, January.
    8. repec:adr:anecst:y:2010:i:99-100 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ali M. Ahmed & Lina Andersson & Mats Hammarstedt, 2012. "Does age matter for employability? A field experiment on ageism in the Swedish labour market," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(4), pages 403-406, March.
    10. Joseph Schaafsma & Arthur Sweetman, 2001. "Immigrant earnings: age at immigration matters," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 34(4), pages 1066-1099, November.
    11. Björn Anders Gustafsson, 2013. "Social assistance among immigrants and natives in Sweden," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 34(2), pages 126-141, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigrants; Sweden; age; labor market;

    JEL classification:

    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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