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Spatial Dimensions of Income Inequality and Poverty in Bangladesh: An Analysis of the 2005 Household Income and Expenditure Survey Data

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Abstract

Using the 2005 Household Income and Expenditure Survey, this paper examined income inequality and poverty in Bangladesh with particular focus on their spatial dimensions. Since disparity among administrative divisions is small, inequalities within each administrative division, particularly urban inequality, need to be reduced. Since education appears to have played an important role in inequality, especially in urban areas, raising general educational level is essential. Since wages and salaries serve to have mitigated inequality, especially in urban areas, opportunities for formal income should be expanded. Though the effect may be small, transfer programs should be expanded to raise income among the poorest. In addition to raising general educational level, it is necessary to provide primary education throughout the country in order to mitigate poverty. It is imperative to raise agricultural productivity in both rural and urban sectors. Furthermore, non-agricultural activities should be promoted according to the pattern of comparative advantages.

Suggested Citation

  • Kazi Arif Uz Zaman & Takahiro Akita, 2011. "Spatial Dimensions of Income Inequality and Poverty in Bangladesh: An Analysis of the 2005 Household Income and Expenditure Survey Data," Working Papers EMS_2011_20, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
  • Handle: RePEc:iuj:wpaper:ems_2011_20
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    File URL: http://www.iuj.ac.jp/workingpapers/index.cfm?File=EMS_2011_20.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    6. Shilpi, Forhad, 2008. "Migration, sorting and regional inequality : evidence from Bangladesh," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4616, The World Bank.
    7. Khandker, Shahidur R. & Khalily, M. A. Baqui & Samad, Hussain A., 2010. "Seasonal and extreme poverty in Bangladesh : evaluating an ultra-poor microfinance project," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5331, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. S. R. Osmani & Abdul Latif, 2013. "The Pattern and Determinants of Poverty in Rural Bangladesh: 2000-2010," Working Papers 18, Institute of Microfinance (InM).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income Inequality; Poverty; Spatial Dimensions; Theil Index; Gini Coefficient; FGT Index; Bangladesh;

    JEL classification:

    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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