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To what extent are Bangladesh's recent gains in poverty reduction different from the past?

Author

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  • Kotikula, Aphichoke
  • Narayan, Ambar
  • Zaman, Hassan

Abstract

The poor in Bangladesh are more likely to belong to households with a larger number of dependents and lower education among household members, be engaged in daily wage labor, own little land, and be less likely to receive remittances. This poverty profile for 2005 is similar to the profile in the mid-1980s and hence at first glance it would appear that little has changed over time. A closer look at national household survey data suggests a more nuanced story. This paper uses the latest two rounds of the Bangladesh Household Income and Expenditure Survey to decompose the micro-determinants of poverty reduction between 2000 and 2005, closely following a similar analysis using five earlier rounds of the Survey. The comparison of results shows that the spatial distribution of poverty seen in earlier decades has changed with time and the drivers of poverty reduction are different in several respects.

Suggested Citation

  • Kotikula, Aphichoke & Narayan, Ambar & Zaman, Hassan, 2010. "To what extent are Bangladesh's recent gains in poverty reduction different from the past?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5199, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5199
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Karim, Azreen, 2016. "The household response to persistent natural disasters: Evidence from Bangladesh," Working Paper Series 4968, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
    2. Kazi Arif Uz Zaman & Takahiro Akita, 2011. "Spatial Dimensions of Income Inequality and Poverty in Bangladesh: An Analysis of the 2005 Household Income and Expenditure Survey Data," Working Papers EMS_2011_20, Research Institute, International University of Japan.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rural Poverty Reduction; Regional Economic Development; Access to Finance; Small Area Estimation Poverty Mapping;

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