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Die Wirkung des Betriebsverfassungsgesetzes am Beispiel der Freistellung von Betriebsräten – ein Beitrag zur Rechtstatsachenforschung

  • Jens Mohrenweiser

    ()

    (Institute for Strategy and Business Economics, University of Zurich)

  • Uschi Backes-Gellner

    ()

    (Institute for Strategy and Business Economics, University of Zurich)

Das Betriebsverfassungsgesetz (BetrVG) ermöglicht in Betrieben mit mehr als 200 Mitarbeitern die vollständige Freistellung eines Mitgliedes des Betriebsrates. Dieses Papier analysiert, wie die im BetrVG vorgesehene Freistellung eines Betriebsratsmitgliedes tatsächlich in Betrieben umgesetzt wird. Wir zeigen zunächst, dass die Freistellung nicht wie man gemäß BetrVG vermuten könnte sprunghaft an den Gesetzesschwellen von 200 Mitarbeitern ansteigt, sondern über die Betriebsgröße kontinuierlich zunimmt. Nur wenn man nach Betrieben mit mehr oder weniger guten Arbeitsbeziehungen zwischen Betriebsrat und Geschäftsführung unterscheidet, lässt sich im letztgenannten Fall ein Sprung in der Freistellungswahrscheinlichkeit and der Gesetzesschwelle empirisch nachweisen. Obwohl der Befund eines im Normalfall nicht nachweisbaren Sprungs in der Freistellung an der Gesetzesschwelle die Vermutung nahe legen könnte, dass die gesetzliche Freistellungsregelung zahnlos ist, belegt der zweite Befund, dass das Gesetz implizit dennoch sehr wirksam ist, da es genau dann Biss bekommt wenn es gebraucht wird.

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Paper provided by University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU) in its series Working Papers with number 0104.

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Length: 22 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iso:wpaper:0104
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  1. John T. Addison & Claus Schnabel & Joachim Wagner, 2004. "The Course of Research into the Economic Consequences of German Works Councils," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 42(2), pages 255-281, 06.
  2. Hübler, Olaf & Jirjahn, Uwe, 2001. "Works Councils and Collective Bargaining in Germany: The Impact on Productivity and Wages," IZA Discussion Papers 322, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Wagner Joachim & Schank Thorsten & Schnabel Claus & Addison John T., 2006. "Works Councils, Labor Productivity and Plant Heterogeneity: First Evidence from Quantile Regressions," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 226(5), pages 505-518, October.
  4. Jens Mohrenweiser & Paul Marginson & Uschi Backes-Gellner, 2009. "What Triggers the Establishment of a Works Council?," Working Papers 0101, University of Zurich, Institute for Strategy and Business Economics (ISU), revised Jul 2010.
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