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Polaryzacja ekonomiczna w Polsce i w Unii Europejskiej

Author

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  • Tomasz Panek

    (Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics)

Abstract

W prezentowanym opracowaniu skoncentrowano siê na ocenie czy prowadzona po akcesji Polski do Unii Europejskiej polityka spo³eczna i gospodarcza doprowadzi³y do zmiany dysproporcji dochodowych gospodarstw domowych w skali ca³ej Polski oraz na poziomie regionalnym (miêdzy województwami). Ponadto zbadano zmiany tych dysproporcji pomiêdzy krajami Unii Europejskiej, ze szczególnym uwzglêdnieniem Polski. Zmiany dysproporcji dochodowych gospodarstw domowych by³y analizowane poprzez ocenê zmiany stopnia polaryzacji ekonomicznej. Poprzez polaryzacjê ekonomiczn¹ rozumiemy przy tym proces zmniejszania siê liczebnoœci jednostek nale¿¹cych do œrodkowej klasy dochodowej przy jednoczesnym wzroœcie udzia³u jednostek nale¿¹cych do klasy niskiej i wysokiej. Ponadto jako uzupe³nienie oceny procesu polaryzacji poddano ocenie zmiany nierównoœci dochodowych. W opracowaniu dokonano analizy porównawczej zmian stopnia polaryzacji dochodowej oraz nierównoœci dochodowych gospodarstw domowych w latach 2000-2014 (zarówno przed akcesj¹ jak i po akcesji Polski do Unii Europejskiej) w skali ogólnopolskiej. Ponadto przeprowadzono dla tego samego okresu ocenê zmian stopnia polaryzacji dochodowej i nierównoœci dochodowych gospodarstw domowych na poziomie regionalnym (miêdzy województwami). Wreszcie dokonano analizy zmian stopnia polaryzacji dochodowej i nierównoœci dochodowych gospodarstw domowych pomiêdzy krajami Unii Europejskiej po akcesji do niej Polski (lata 2006-2014). W analizie procesu polaryzacji zosta³y zastosowane indeksy polaryzacji, a zmian nierównoœci dochodowych wspó³czynniki nierównoœci.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomasz Panek, 2016. "Polaryzacja ekonomiczna w Polsce i w Unii Europejskiej," Working Papers 78, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isd:wpaper:78
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    polaryzacja ekonomiczna; nierównoœci dochodowe; zanikanie klasy œredniej.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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