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Social and economic circumstances of sex differentials in poor health of elderly population


  • Maleshkov, Hristo

    (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


The goal of this paper is to improve our knowledge about the changes that occur in the health of people near pension age and above in the countries of the European Union. We focus on the gender differentials in the poor health transitions of the elderly population and especially the impact of the social and economic circumstances. We examine whether or not the pattern of transition to bad health status is the same for men and women, what are the circumstances that determine their behaviour and in the same time have significant influence on the European Union countries population. Our findings show that bad health can be restricted predominantly within most advanced ages and in this way is possible to improve the quality of life both for males and females. The study shows the adequacy of social and economic factors for the transitions to poor health. The income variables are significant predictors for the change of health status to poor health of elderly men and women. Belonging to the highest two income quintiles is significant for men and not for women. Some possible new strategies concern further development of policies that aim is to decrease the female disadvantage during the period of poor health transition by removing the inequality of the social and economic conditions of life between men and women.

Suggested Citation

  • Maleshkov, Hristo, 2004. "Social and economic circumstances of sex differentials in poor health of elderly population," IRISS Working Paper Series 2004-06, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
  • Handle: RePEc:irs:iriswp:2004-06

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gerdtham, Ulf-G & Sundberg, Gun, 1996. "Measuring Income-Related Health Inequalities in Sweden," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 120, Stockholm School of Economics.
    2. Steven G. Prus & Ellen Gee, 2001. "Measuring Differences in the Effect of Social Resource Factors on the Health of Elderly Canadian Men and Women," Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers 58, McMaster University.
    3. Bound, John & Schoenbaum, Michael & Stinebrickner, Todd R. & Waidmann, Timothy, 1999. "The dynamic effects of health on the labor force transitions of older workers," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 179-202, June.
    4. Groot, Wim, 2000. "Adaptation and scale of reference bias in self-assessments of quality of life," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 403-420, May.
    5. Macintyre, Sally & Hunt, Kate & Sweeting, Helen, 1996. "Gender differences in health: Are things really as simple as they seem?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 42(4), pages 617-624, February.
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    poor health ; sex differences ; older population;

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