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Die Messung der Greifkraft als objektives Gesundheitsmaß in sozialwissenschaftlichen Bevölkerungsumfragen: erhebungsmethodische und inhaltliche Befunde auf der Basis von SHARE und SOEP

Author

Listed:
  • Karsten Hank
  • Hendrik Jürges
  • Jürgen Schupp
  • Gert G. Wagner

Abstract

Dieses Paper zeigt, dass die Messung der Handgreifkraft ein auch in sozialwissenschaftlichen Bevölkerungsumfragen einfach zu ermittelndes, nicht-invasives und verlässliches objektives Gesundheitsmaß ist. Die Greifkraftmessung stellt nicht nur eine sinnvolle Ergänzung zu selbst berichteten Indikatoren des Gesundheitszustandes dar, sondern besitzt darüber hinaus hinsichtlich einer Vielzahl relevanter Variablen (z.B. Mortalitätsrisiken) eine eigenständige Erklärungskraft. Der 2004 erstmals erhobene Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) und der Pretest 2005 des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP) erlauben nun erste erhebungsmethodische und inhaltliche Querschnittsauswertungen der Greifkraft auch für Deutschland. Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Untersuchung stehen dabei ältere Personen im Alter 50+. Die Erfahrungen, die in beiden Surveys bei der Durchführung des Greiftests gemacht wurden - insbesondere auch hinsichtlich der Akzeptanz bei den Befragten - sind durchweg positiv. Herausragende Determinanten der isometrischen Greifkraft sind vor allem das Geschlecht, aber auch Alter, Körpergröße und Gewicht. Eine multivariate Betrachtung zeigt, dass sozio-ökonomische Merkmale (abgesehen vom Erwerbsstatus der Männer) keine eigenständige, statistisch signifikante Erklärungskraft haben. Unsere Ergebnisse belegen jedoch einen deutlich positiven Zusammenhang zwischen Gesundheit und Handgreifkraft und weisen zudem darauf hin, dass es verschiedene eigenständige Dimensionen von Gesundheit sind, die - zum Teil unabhängig vom Alter der Probanden - mit der Greifkraft korreliert sind. Die Perspektiven für zukünftige Längsschnittanalysen - das eigentliche Ziel der Messungen werden als außerordentlich positiv eingeschätzt.

Suggested Citation

  • Karsten Hank & Hendrik Jürges & Jürgen Schupp & Gert G. Wagner, 2006. "Die Messung der Greifkraft als objektives Gesundheitsmaß in sozialwissenschaftlichen Bevölkerungsumfragen: erhebungsmethodische und inhaltliche Befunde auf der Basis von SHARE und SOEP," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 577, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp577
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    3. Thomas Siedler & Jürgen Schupp & C. Katharina Spieß & Gert G. Wagner, 2008. "The German Socio-Economic Panel as a Reference Data Set," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 150, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    4. Jürgen Schupp & Gert G. Wagner, 2002. "Maintenance of and Innovation in Long-Term Panel Studies: The Case of the German Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP)," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 276, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    5. Agar Brugiavini & Tullio Jappelli & Guglielmo Weber, 2002. "The Survey on Health, Aging and Wealth," CSEF Working Papers 86, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy.
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    Keywords

    grip strength; health measurement; SHARE; SOEP;

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