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The Impact of Health on Labor Supply Near Retirement

Author

Listed:
  • Richard Blundell

    (University College London)

  • Jack Britton

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Monica Costa Dias

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies)

  • Eric French

    (University College London)

Abstract

Estimates of effect of health on employment differ from study to study due to differences in methods, data, institutional background and health measure. We assess the importance of these differences, using a unified framework to interpret and contrast estimate for the US and England. We find that subjective and objective health measures, and subjective measures instrumented by objective measures produce similar estimates but only if a sufficiently large number of objective measures is used. Otherwise, objective measures produce downward biased estimates. Failure to account for initial conditions produces upward biased estimates. We find that a single subjective health index yields similar estimates to multiple measures. Overall, declines in health explain up to 15% of the decline in employment between ages 50 and 70. The effects drop with education and are larger in the US than in England. Cognition has little added explanatory power once we control for health.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Blundell & Jack Britton & Monica Costa Dias & Eric French, 2017. "The Impact of Health on Labor Supply Near Retirement," Working Papers wp364, University of Michigan, Michigan Retirement Research Center.
  • Handle: RePEc:mrr:papers:wp364
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. The impact of health on labour supply near retirement
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2018-02-20 19:27:23

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    6. Bryan, M.; & Roberts, J.; & Sechel, C.;, 2019. "The Effect of Mental Health on Employment:Accounting for Selection Bias," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 19/14, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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