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La frontière comme ressource dans l'espace urbain globalisé. Une contribution à l'hypothèse de la métropole transfrontalière

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  • SOHN Christophe
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    Dans un monde urbain globalisé, les métropoles transfrontalières représentent des configurations spatiales emblématiques de l?articulation entre l?espace des flux et l?espace des lieux. La multiplicité des contextes, des formes et des processus à l'?uvre rend toutefois difficile l'identification de ce qui fonde la singularité de l'objet. Dans le dessein de contribuer à cette réflexion conceptuelle, cet article met en avant l'hypothèse selon laquelle la spécificité des métropoles transfrontalières ne découle pas fondamentalement de leur forme ou de la nature de l?intégration transfrontalière à l??uvre, mais du rôle particulier que jouent les frontières étatiques dans leur formation. La relative ouverture des frontières offre de nouvelles opportunités pour les villes et les régions urbaines frontalières de renforcer leur position au sein des réseaux de l?économie globalisée et d?affirmer leur autonomie en tant qu?entité régionale transfrontalière. S?il n?est pas question de minimiser les effets barrières et les obstacles que génère la présence de frontières, il convient de reconnaître que ces dernières peuvent également représenter des ressources dans la fabrique des régions métropolitaines transfrontalières.

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    Paper provided by LISER in its series LISER Working Paper Series with number 2012-25.

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    Length: 40 pages
    Date of creation: May 2012
    Handle: RePEc:irs:cepswp:2012-25
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    1. Hanson, Gordon H., 1998. "Regional adjustment to trade liberalization," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 419-444, July.
    2. Niebuhr, Annekatrin & Stiller, Silvia, 2002. "Integration effects in border regions : a survey of economic theory and empirical studies," HWWA Discussion Papers 179, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    3. Allen J. Scott, 2008. "Resurgent Metropolis: Economy, Society and Urbanization in an Interconnected World," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 548-564, September.
    4. Bob Jessop & Ngai-Ling Sum, 2000. "An Entrepreneurial City in Action: Hong Kong's Emerging Strategies in and for (Inter)Urban Competition," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 37(12), pages 2287-2313, November.
    5. James Wesley Scott, 1999. "European and North American Contexts for Cross-border Regionalism," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(7), pages 605-617.
    6. Christophe Sohn & Bernard Reitel & Olivier Walther, 2009. "Cross-border metropolitan integration in Europe: the case of Luxembourg, Basel, and Geneva," Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 27(5), pages 922-939, October.
    7. Kathryn Kopinak, 2003. "Maquiladora industrialization of the Baja California peninsula: the coexistence of thick and thin globalization with economic regionalism," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(2), pages 319-336, June.
    8. Chang-Hee Christine Bae, 2003. "Tijuana-San Diego: Globalization and the transborder metropolis," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 37(3), pages 463-477, August.
    9. DECOVILLE Antoine & DURAND Frédéric & SOHN Christophe & WALTHER Olivier, 2010. "Spatial integration in European cross-border metropolitan regions: A comparative approach," LISER Working Paper Series 2010-40, LISER.
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