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Factors of Competitiveness of Islamic Banks in the New Financial Order

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Michel Sahut
  • Mehdi Mili
  • Maroua Ben Krir
  • Frédéric Teulon

Abstract

This paper studies the factor of competitive conditions of conventional and Islamic banks operating in the same market in the MENA region. We determine the level of competitiveness between the two types of banks by using the PR-H statistic of Panzar and Ross (1987) and the Lerner index. Our estimations show that banking sectors in MENA operate under monopolistic competition. Our results confirm that Islamic banks are significantly more competitive than conventional banks and they express a higher degree of market power. We show also that profitability significantly increases with market power, but this does not warrant higher profitability levels for Islamic banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Michel Sahut & Mehdi Mili & Maroua Ben Krir & Frédéric Teulon, 2015. "Factors of Competitiveness of Islamic Banks in the New Financial Order," Working Papers 2015-625, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipg:wpaper:2015-625
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    File URL: https://faculty-research.ipag.edu/wp-content/uploads/recherche/WP/IPAG_WP_2015_625.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Mehmet Balcilar & Charl Jooste & Shawkat Hammoudeh & Rangan Gupta & Vassilios Babalos, 2015. "Are there long-run diversification gains from the Dow Jones Islamic finance index?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(12), pages 945-950, August.
    3. Haron, Sudin, 1996. "Competition And Other External Determinants Of The Profitability Of Islamic Banks," Islamic Economic Studies, The Islamic Research and Training Institute (IRTI), vol. 4, pages 49-64.
    4. Gelos, R. G. & Roldos, Jorge, 2004. "Consolidation and market structure in emerging market banking systems," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 39-59, March.
    5. Molyneux, Phil & Lloyd-Williams, D. M. & Thornton, John, 1994. "Competitive conditions in european banking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 445-459, May.
    6. Abdul Majid, Muhamed Zulkhibri & Sufian, Fadzlan, 2007. "Market Structure and Competition in Emerging Market: Evidence from Malaysian Islamic Banking Industry," MPRA Paper 12126, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Jul 2007.
    7. Olson, Dennis & Zoubi, Taisier A., 2008. "Using accounting ratios to distinguish between Islamic and conventional banks in the GCC region," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 45-65, March.
    8. Barbara Casu & Claudia Girardone, 2006. "Bank Competition, Concentration And Efficiency In The Single European Market," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 74(4), pages 441-468, July.
    9. Mr. David Hauner & Mr. Shanaka J Peiris, 2005. "Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries: The Case of Uganda," IMF Working Papers 2005/240, International Monetary Fund.
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    11. repec:ipg:wpaper:2014-566 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Hulusi Inanoglu & Mahmoud A. El-Gamal, 2005. "Inefficiency and heterogeneity in Turkish banking: 1990-2000," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 20(5), pages 641-664.
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    Cited by:

    1. Shazleena Mohamed Zainudin & Siti Zaleha Abdul Rasid & Rosmini Omar & Rohail Hassan, 2019. "The Good and Bad News about the New Liquidity Rules of Basel III in Islamic Banking of Malaysia," Journal of Risk and Financial Management, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(3), pages 1-15, July.
    2. Khaldoun M. Al-Qaisi, 2018. "A Literature Review on the Competition in the Banking Sector," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 8(1), pages 174-184, January.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Islamic banks; Market Structure; Bank Competition; profitability.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance
    • N25 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Asia including Middle East

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