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A Política Fiscal e as Taxas de Juros Domésticas nos Países Emergentes

Listed author(s):
  • Ajax Moreira
  • Katia Rocha

objetivo deste trabalho é analisar o efeito da política fiscal sobre as taxas de juros domésticas, utilizando um painel de 23 países emergentes no período de 1996 a 2008. Entre os países analisados, estão África do Sul, Argentina, Brasil, Bulgária, Cazaquistão,Chile, China, Colômbia, Egito, Equador, Filipinas, Hungria, Índia, Indonésia, Malásia,México, Peru, Polônia, Rússia, Tailândia, Turquia, Ucrânia e Venezuela. Foram utilizadas diversas taxas de juros domésticas, relativas a dois bancos de dados: i) International Finance Statistics (IFS): government bond yield, deposit rate, discount rate/bank rate, treasury bill rate,money market rate; e ii) J.P.Morgan (2006): yield do índice Government Bond Index -Emerging Markets. A variável fiscal baseou-se na medida de austeridade fiscal proposta por Fávero e Giavazzi (2004) para a necessidade de financiamento do governo, que leva em consideração a acumulação de superávit primário necessário para manter a relação dívida/produto interno bruto (PIB) constante. O resultado principal mostra que não é possível rejeitar a hipótese de que a austeridade fiscal determina o nível das taxas de juros, e que o efeito tem o sinal esperado, ou seja, um aumento de 1% na acumulação do superávit primário reduz a taxa de juros em aproximadamente 100 pontos-base em média - uma estimativa coerente com estudos similares realizados em países emergentes. The objective of this paper is to analyze the role of fiscal policy sustainability over the determinants of domestic interest rate of a group of 23 emerging market countries in the period 1996-2008. Among the analyzed countries are: South Africa, Argentina, Brazil,Bulgaria, Chile, China, Colombia, Egypt, Ecuador, Philippines, Hungry, India, Indonesia,Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Peru, Poland, Russia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine and Venezuela. We have used several domestic interest rates from two databases: 1) IFS:Government Bond Yield, Deposit Rate, Discount Rate/BankRate, Treasury Bill Rate, Money Market Rate; and 2) JPMorgan (2006): yield of JPMorgan Government Bond Index- Emerging Markets. Fiscal policy sustainability was based on Fávero and Giavazzi (2004), and known as the accumulation of primary budget surplus, that keeps the debt-to-gdp ratio constant. The main result shows that is not possible to reject the hypothesis that fiscal policy sustainability determines the level of domestic interest rate and the effect has the expected signal, i.e., an increase in 1% on the accumulation of primary budget surplus reduces the domestic interest rate by roughly 100 basis point, a coherent figure with studies focusing on emerging market countries.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA in its series Discussion Papers with number 1438.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2009
Handle: RePEc:ipe:ipetds:1438
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  1. Thomas Laubach, 2009. "New Evidence on the Interest Rate Effects of Budget Deficits and Debt," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(4), pages 858-885, 06.
  2. Carlo A. Favero & Francesco Giavazzi, 2004. "Inflation Targeting and Debt: Lessons from Brazil," NBER Working Papers 10390, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Perotti, Roberto, 2002. "Estimating the effects of fiscal policy in OECD countries," Working Paper Series 0168, European Central Bank.
  4. Ari Aisen & David Hauner, 2013. "Budget deficits and interest rates: a fresh perspective," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(17), pages 2501-2510, June.
  5. Roberto Perotti, 2002. "Estimating the effects of fiscal policy in OECD countries," Economics Working Papers 015, European Network of Economic Policy Research Institutes.
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