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Expectations and perceived causality in fiscal policy: an experimental analysis using real world data

Author

Listed:
  • Bernasconi Michele

    (Department of Economics, University of Insubria, Italy)

  • Kirchkamp Oliver

    () (Universitat Mannheim)

  • Paruolo Paolo

    () (Department of Economics, University of Insubria, Italy)

Abstract

We generate observable expectations about fiscal variables through laboratory experiments using real world data from several European countries as stimuli.We estimate an econometric model of individual expectations for fiscal policy, which nests various theories of expectations-forming and encompasses both micro- and macro- economic lines of research on fiscal policy. Agents' expectations are found neither to be consistent with rational nor with purely adaptive expectations. Expectations follow an augmented-adaptive scheme, which embodies the "spend and tax hypothesis" on the relationship between taxes and expenditure to a greater extent than in real world data. We relate this findings to current research on the effects of fiscal policy. Methodological implications of the present approach for experiments in macroeconomics are also discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernasconi Michele & Kirchkamp Oliver & Paruolo Paolo, 2003. "Expectations and perceived causality in fiscal policy: an experimental analysis using real world data," Economics and Quantitative Methods qf0224, Department of Economics, University of Insubria.
  • Handle: RePEc:ins:quaeco:qf0224
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ricciuti, Roberto, 2008. "Bringing macroeconomics into the lab," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 216-237, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Experiments; fiscal policy; expectations; causality; cointegration; panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • D89 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Other
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H31 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Household

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