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Trade liberalisation, market power abd scale efficiency in Indian industry

Author

Listed:
  • Pulapre Balakrishnan

    (Centre for Development Studies)

  • K. Pushpangadan

    (Centre for Development Studies)

  • M. Suresh Babu

    (Centre for Development Studies)

Abstract

Using information on listed firms in each of the industry groups atthe two-digit level within Manufacturing this study investigates whetherthe radical shift in trade policy in India in 1991 resulted in a reductionin market power and/or an improvement in scale efficiency. We estimatea group-wise production function allowing for firm-specific effects. Aplausible estimate of market power is obtained and the assumption ofconstant returns to scale is mostly rejected. As regards the effects of thetrade-policy shock of 1991, evidence of a move to a more competitivemarket structure or of an improvement in scale efficiency is notwidespread across Indian manufacturing.

Suggested Citation

  • Pulapre Balakrishnan & K. Pushpangadan & M. Suresh Babu, 2002. "Trade liberalisation, market power abd scale efficiency in Indian industry," Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum Working Papers 336, Centre for Development Studies, Trivendrum, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:cdswpp:336
    as

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    File URL: http://www.cds.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/wp336.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Klette, Tor Jakob, 1999. "Market Power, Scale Economies and Productivity: Estimates from a Panel of Establishment Data," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(4), pages 451-476, December.
    2. Levinsohn, James, 1993. "Testing the imports-as-market-discipline hypothesis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1-2), pages 1-22, August.
    3. Basu, Susanto & Fernald, John G, 1997. "Returns to Scale in U.S. Production: Estimates and Implications," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(2), pages 249-283, April.
    4. Rudiger Dornbusch, 1992. "The Case for Trade Liberalization in Developing Countries," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 6(1), pages 69-85, Winter.
    5. Krishna, Pravin & Mitra, Devashish, 1998. "Trade liberalization, market discipline and productivity growth: new evidence from India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(2), pages 447-462, August.
    6. Boozer, Michael A., 1997. "Econometric Analysis of Panel Data Badi H. Baltagi Wiley, 1995," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(05), pages 747-754, October.
    7. Hall, Robert E, 1988. "The Relation between Price and Marginal Cost in U.S. Industry," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 96(5), pages 921-947, October.
    8. Chambers,Robert G., 1988. "Applied Production Analysis," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521314275.
    9. Harrison, Ann E., 1994. "Productivity, imperfect competition and trade reform : Theory and evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(1-2), pages 53-73, February.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade liberalisation; Market power; Scale Economies;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

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