IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Efectos del Diferencial de Impuestos a las Gasolinas en la Demanda de Automóviles

La política tributaria respecto a los combustibles en Chile ha mantenido desde sus inicios impuestos menores para las gasolinas respecto al diesel. Como resultado la fracción de automóviles con motor diesel en el parque automotor ha crecido fuertemente, en especial durante los últimos cinco años. Dado que en promedio 20% de las emisiones de los motores diesel equivalen a un 80% de las emisiones de motores a gasolinas, esto tiene consecuencias importantes en la magnitud de las externalidades asociadas al uso de automóviles y puede afectar fuertemente a ciudades como Santiago que tienen altos niveles de contaminación. En este trabajo se estima el efecto del diferencial de impuestos a los combustibles en la demanda de automóviles. Los resultados muestran elasticidades de la demanda por automóviles a diesel de 3?4 y 2?1 respecto al precio del automóvil y al diferencial de impuestos. Estas magnitudes permitirían implementar una política tributaria con efectos significativos en la reducción de emisiones, al igualar las tasas de impuestos de la gasolina y el diesel y establecer un impuesto específico a los automóviles con motor diesel.

If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

File URL:
Download Restriction: no

Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv243.

in new window

Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv243
Contact details of provider: Postal: Erasmo Escala 1835, 6500620 Santiago
Phone: (562) 692-0265
Fax: (562) 692-0303
Web page:

More information through EDIRC

Order Information: Email:

References listed on IDEAS
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

as in new window
  1. Berry, Steven & Levinsohn, James & Pakes, Ariel, 1995. "Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 841-90, July.
  2. Antonio M. Bento & Lawrence H. Goulder & Emeric Henry & Mark R. Jacobsen & Roger H. von Haefen, 2005. "Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes: An Econometrically Based Multi-market Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 282-287, May.
  3. Mayeres, Inge & Proost, Stef, 2001. "Should diesel cars in Europe be discouraged?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 453-470, July.
  4. Trandel, Gregory A, 1991. "The Bias Due to Omitting Quality When Estimating Automobile Demand," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(3), pages 522-25, August.
  5. Parry, Ian & Portney, Paul & Harrington, Winston & Gruenspecht, Howard, 2003. "The Economics of Fuel Economy Standards," Discussion Papers dp-03-44, Resources For the Future.
  6. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou, 1995. "Product Differentiation and Oligopoly in International Markets: The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 891-951, July.
  7. Sarah E. West & Roberton C. Williams III, 2004. "Empirical Estimates for Environmental Policy Making in a Second- Best Setting," Public Economics 0402005, EconWPA.
  8. Jean Agras & Duane Chapman, 1999. "The Kyoto Protocol, Cafe Standards, And Gasoline Taxes," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 17(3), pages 296-308, 07.
  9. Johnson, Terry R, 1978. "Additional Evidence on the Effects of Alternative Taxes on Cigarette Prices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(2), pages 325-28, April.
  10. Wykoff, Frank C, 1973. "A User Cost Approach to New Automobile Purchases," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 377-90, July.
Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv243. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marcela Perticara)

If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.