IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Efectos del Diferencial de Impuestos a las Gasolinas en la Demanda de Automóviles



La política tributaria respecto a los combustibles en Chile ha mantenido desde sus inicios impuestos menores para las gasolinas respecto al diesel. Como resultado la fracción de automóviles con motor diesel en el parque automotor ha crecido fuertemente, en especial durante los últimos cinco años. Dado que en promedio 20% de las emisiones de los motores diesel equivalen a un 80% de las emisiones de motores a gasolinas, esto tiene consecuencias importantes en la magnitud de las externalidades asociadas al uso de automóviles y puede afectar fuertemente a ciudades como Santiago que tienen altos niveles de contaminación. En este trabajo se estima el efecto del diferencial de impuestos a los combustibles en la demanda de automóviles. Los resultados muestran elasticidades de la demanda por automóviles a diesel de 3?4 y 2?1 respecto al precio del automóvil y al diferencial de impuestos. Estas magnitudes permitirían implementar una política tributaria con efectos significativos en la reducción de emisiones, al igualar las tasas de impuestos de la gasolina y el diesel y establecer un impuesto específico a los automóviles con motor diesel.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudio Agostini, 2010. "Efectos del Diferencial de Impuestos a las Gasolinas en la Demanda de Automóviles," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv243, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
  • Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv243

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jean Agras & Duane Chapman, 1999. "The Kyoto Protocol, Cafe Standards, And Gasoline Taxes," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 17(3), pages 296-308, July.
    2. Sarah E. West & Roberton C. Williams, 2004. "Empirical Estimates for Environmental Policy Making in a Second-Best Setting," NBER Working Papers 10330, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Mayeres, Inge & Proost, Stef, 2001. "Should diesel cars in Europe be discouraged?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 453-470, July.
    4. Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou, 1995. "Product Differentiation and Oligopoly in International Markets: The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 891-951, July.
    5. Parry, Ian & Portney, Paul & Harrington, Winston & Gruenspecht, Howard, 2003. "The Economics of Fuel Economy Standards," Discussion Papers dp-03-44, Resources For the Future.
    6. Johnson, Terry R, 1978. "Additional Evidence on the Effects of Alternative Taxes on Cigarette Prices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(2), pages 325-328, April.
    7. Antonio M. Bento & Lawrence H. Goulder & Emeric Henry & Mark R. Jacobsen & Roger H. von Haefen, 2005. "Distributional and Efficiency Impacts of Gasoline Taxes: An Econometrically Based Multi-market Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 282-287, May.
    8. Frank C. Wykoff, 1973. "A User Cost Approach to New Automobile Purchases," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 377-390.
    9. Berry, Steven & Levinsohn, James & Pakes, Ariel, 1995. "Automobile Prices in Market Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(4), pages 841-890, July.
    10. Trandel, Gregory A, 1991. "The Bias Due to Omitting Quality When Estimating Automobile Demand," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(3), pages 522-525, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Impuesto a los Combustibles; Motores Diesel; Demanda de Automóviles; Externalidades;

    JEL classification:

    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • L91 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Transportation: General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv243. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Marcela Perticara). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.