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Políticas macro y problemas del empleo en América Latina

Author

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  • Eduardo Lora

    ()

  • Mauricio Olivera

Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) Este trabajo fue preparado para la IIC Asamblea anual del BID en 1998, titulada: El empleo en América Latina: ¿cuál es el problema y hay que resolverlo o no?, que tuvo lugar en la ciudad colombiana de Cartagena en marzo de 1998. Los problemas del empleo han persistido en América Latina a despecho de la estabilización macroeconómica y las reformas estructurales. En los años 90 se produjo una disminución del ritmo de creación de empleos y los niveles de desempleo se estancaron alrededor del 10%. El empleo en el sector informal creció y los trabajadores calificados han gozado de un aumento del salario real especialmente favorable. Los ciclos económicos son la razón de las fluctuaciones en los niveles de empleo y desempleo, mientras que la estabilización de precios y las reformas estructurales han incidido en la composición de la demanda laboral y los salarios relativos.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Lora & Mauricio Olivera, 1998. "Políticas macro y problemas del empleo en América Latina," Research Department Publications 4117, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4117
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    Cited by:

    1. Eduardo Lora & Gustavo Márquez, 1998. "The Employment Problem in Latin America: Perceptions and Stylized Facts," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 1286, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Suzanne Duryea & Miguel Székely, 1998. "Labor Markets in Latin America: A Supply-Side Story," Research Department Publications 4120, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    3. Marquez, Gustavo, 1998. "El Desempleo en America Latina y El Caribe a Mediados de I os Anos 90," Working Papers 244237, Inter-American Development Bank.

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