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KMU und Arbeitsplatzdynamik : eine Analyse auf Basis der Beschäftigten-Historik-Datei

  • Bauer, Thomas K.
  • Schmucker, Alexandra

    ()

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

  • Vorell, Mathias

"Im Beitrag wird die Grundgesamtheit der in der Beschäftigten-Historik des IAB erfassten Betriebe zur Analyse der Beschäftigungsdynamik in Betrieben unterschiedlicher Größe verwendet. Damit werden erstmals alle Sektoren der Wirtschaft in einer derartigen Analyse abgedeckt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass im Jahr 2005 etwa 69,6% der sozialversicherungspflichtig Beschäftigten in kleinen und mittleren Betriebe mit unter 250 Beschäftigten tätig waren. Weiterhin wird deutlich, dass überwiegend kleinere und mittlere Betriebe zur Reallokation von Arbeitsplätzen beitragen und somit für die effiziente Allokation des Faktors Arbeit eine wichtige Rolle einnehmen. Die Resultate lassen jedoch an der Hypothese zweifeln, dass insbesondere kleinere und mittlere Betriebe den Beschäftigungsmotor der deutschen Volkswirtschaft darstellen. So nahm im Zeitraum von 2002 bis 2005, gekennzeichnet durch eine schwache Binnenkonjunktur, die Zahl der sozialversicherungspflichtig Beschäftigten in westdeutschen Großbetrieben um 1,19% ab. Für alle anderen Segmente der Betriebspopulation finden sich - relativ betrachtet - höhere Rückgänge der Beschäftigung." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)

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Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB Discussion Paper with number 200802.

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Length: 36 pages
Date of creation: 22 Jan 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:200802
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  1. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Jobmotor Mittelstand?: Arbeitsplatzdynamik und Betriebsgröße in der westdeutschen Industrie," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 76(3), pages 76-87.
  2. Michael Fritsch & Pamela Mueller, 2004. "The Effects of New Business Formation on Regional Development over Time," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-36, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  3. Israel M. Kirzner, 1997. "Entrepreneurial Discovery and the Competitive Market Process: An Austrian Approach," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(1), pages 60-85, March.
  4. John Haltiwanger & Steven J. Davis, 1999. "On the Driving Forces behind Cyclical Movements in Employment and Job Reallocation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1234-1258, December.
  5. Michael Fritsch & Pamela Mueller, 2004. "Effects of New Business Formation on Regional Development over Time," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 961-975.
  6. Davis, Steven J & Haltiwanger, John & Schuh, Scott, 1996. " Small Business and Job Creation: Dissecting the Myth and Reassessing the Facts," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 8(4), pages 297-315, August.
  7. Michael Fritsch & Antje Weyh, 2006. "How Large are the Direct Employment Effects of New Businesses? An Empirical Investigation for West Germany," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 245-260, October.
  8. Dirk Engel & Georg Metzger & Michaela Niefert & Daniel Skambracks, 2004. "Der Beschäftigungsbeitrag kleiner und mittlerer Unternehmen," RWI Materialien, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 38, 01.
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