How large are the direct employment effects of new businesses? An empirical investigation
We analyze the development of employment in start-up cohorts, which is the direct gross employment effect of the new businesses. The data is for West Germany and covers the 1984- 2002 period. While total employment in the cohorts remains above the initial level in manufacturing, we find a pronounced decline of employment below this level in the service sector. Only a small fraction of the firms create a considerable amount of jobs. The contribution that the start-up cohorts of the 1984 - 2002 period made to total employment in 2002 is nearly three times as high in services as in manufacturing.
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