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A Simple Efficient Instrumental Variable Estimator in Panel AR(p) Models

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  • Kazuhiko Hayakawa

Abstract

In this paper, we show that for panel AR(p) models with iid errors, an instrumental variable (IV) estimator with instruments in the backward orthogonal deviation has the same asymptotic distribution as the infeasible optimal IV estimator when both N and T, the dimensions of the cross section and the time series, are large. If we assume that the errors are normally distributed, the asymptotic variance of the proposed IV estimator is shown to attain the lower bound when both N and T are large. A simulation study is conducted to assess the estimator.

Suggested Citation

  • Kazuhiko Hayakawa, 2007. "A Simple Efficient Instrumental Variable Estimator in Panel AR(p) Models," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d07-213, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hst:hstdps:d07-213
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    File URL: http://hi-stat.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/research/discussion/2007/pdf/D07-213.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Huang, Yongfu & Quibria, M. G., 2013. "The Global Partnership for Inclusive Growth," WIDER Working Paper Series 059, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Naoto Kunitomo & Kentaro Akashi, 2010. "An Aysmptotically Optimal Modification of the Panel LIML Estimation for Individual Heteroscedasticity," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-780, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.
    3. Hayakawa, Kazuhiko, 2009. "On the effect of mean-nonstationarity in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 153(2), pages 133-135, December.
    4. Vlaicu, Razvan & Verhoeven, Marijn & Grigoli, Francesco & Mills, Zachary, 2014. "Multiyear budgets and fiscal performance: Panel data evidence," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 79-95.
    5. Han, Chirok & Phillips, Peter C. B. & Sul, Donggyu, 2014. "X-Differencing And Dynamic Panel Model Estimation," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 30(01), pages 201-251, February.
    6. Kazuhiko Hayakawa, 2008. "On the Effect of Nonstationary Initial Conditions in Dynamic Panel Data Models," Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series d07-245, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    7. Kazuhiko Hayakawa, 2009. "First Difference or Forward Orthogonal Deviation- Which Transformation Should be Used in Dynamic Panel Data Models?: A Simulation Study," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 29(3), pages 2008-2017.
    8. Kentaro Akashi & Naoto Kunitomo, 2010. "The Limited Information Maximum Likelihood Approach to Dynamic Panel Structural Equations," CIRJE F-Series CIRJE-F-708, CIRJE, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    panel AR(p) models; the optimal instruments; the backward orthogonal deviation;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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