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On the effect of mean-nonstationarity in dynamic panel data models

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  • Hayakawa, Kazuhiko

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the effect of mean-nonstationarity on the first-difference generalized method of moments (FD-GMM) estimator in dynamic panel data models. We find that when data is mean-nonstationary and the variance of individual effects is significantly larger than that of disturbances, the FD-GMM estimator performs quite well. We demonstrate that this is because the correlation between the lagged dependent variable and instruments gets larger owing to the unremoved individual effects, i.e., instruments become strong. This implies that, under mean-nonstationarity, the FD-GMM estimator does not always suffer from the weak instruments problem even when data is persistent.

Suggested Citation

  • Hayakawa, Kazuhiko, 2009. "On the effect of mean-nonstationarity in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 153(2), pages 133-135, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:153:y:2009:i:2:p:133-135
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Arturas Juodis, 2013. "Cointegration Testing in Panel VAR Models Under Partial Identification and Spatial Dependence," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 13-08, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
    2. Hayakawa, Kazuhiko, 2016. "Improved GMM estimation of panel VAR models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 240-264.
    3. M. E. Bontempi & I. Mammi, 2012. "A strategy to reduce the count of moment conditions in panel data GMM," Working Papers wp843, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    4. Jan Kiviet & Milan Pleus & Rutger Poldermans, 2017. "Accuracy and Efficiency of Various GMM Inference Techniques in Dynamic Micro Panel Data Models," Econometrics, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(1), pages 1-54, March.
    5. Aquaro, M., 2013. "Pairwise difference estimation of linear panel data," Other publications TiSEM 2786f9bb-fbe1-4bac-8efc-b, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    6. Hayakawa, Kazuhiko & Nagata, Shuichi, 2016. "On the behaviour of the GMM estimator in persistent dynamic panel data models with unrestricted initial conditions," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 265-303.
    7. Rosen Azad Chowdhury & Bill Russell, 2012. "The Difference, System and ‘Double-D’ GMM Panel Estimators in the Presence of Structural Breaks," Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics 268, Economic Studies, University of Dundee.
    8. Maurice J.G. Bun & Sarafidis, V., 2013. "Dynamic Panel Data Models," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 13-01, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
    9. Jan F. Kiviet & Milan Pleus & Rutger Poldermans, 2014. "Accuracy and efficiency of various GMM inference techniques in dynamic micro panel data models," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 14-09, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
    10. Sarafidis, Vasilis, 2016. "Neighbourhood GMM estimation of dynamic panel data models," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 526-544.
    11. Arturas Juodis, 2013. "First Difference Transformation in Panel VAR models: Robustness, Estimation and Inference," UvA-Econometrics Working Papers 13-06, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Dept. of Econometrics.
    12. Takuya Hasebe, 2012. "The tests for the level moment conditions: GMM estimation in a linear dynamic panel data model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(1), pages 412-420.

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