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Jobs and Kids: Female Employment and Fertility in China

  • Fang, Hai
  • Eggleston, Karen N.
  • Rizzo, John A.
  • Zeckhauser, Richard Jay

Data on 2,355 married women from the 2006 China Health and Nutrition Survey are used to study how female employment affects fertility in China. China has deep concerns with both population size and female employment, so the relationship between the two should be better understood. Causality flows in both directions. A conceptual model shows how employment prospects affect fertility. Then a well-validated instrumental variable isolates this effect. Female employment reduces a married woman’s preferred number of children by 0.35 on average and her actual number by 0.50. Ramifications for China’s one-child policy are discussed.

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File URL: http://dash.harvard.edu/bitstream/handle/1/9924085/Zeckhauser-JobsAndKids.pdf
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Paper provided by Harvard Kennedy School of Government in its series Scholarly Articles with number 9924085.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Publication status: Published in IZA Journal of Labor and Development
Handle: RePEc:hrv:hksfac:9924085
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