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Pricing in International Markets: A 'Small Country' Benchmark

  • David C. Parsley

    (Vanderbilt University)

This study examines exchange rate pass-through in a 'small country' context. The study uses a panel of disaggregated exports from Hong Kong to its major flexible exchange rate destinations since 1992. Most existing evidence on pass-through is taken from G7 countries and finds that export prices (in the importing currency) respond less than fully to exchange rate changes. The notable exception is for exports from the United States. Existing evidence suggests that exporters from the U.S. apparently do not mitigate export prices in response to exchange rates, while other countries' exporters routinely pass-through less than 100% of exchange rate changes. This study provides a benchmark by which to interpret the puzzling behavior of U.S. export prices. Empirically, Hong Kong's export price behavior overwhelmingly supports the competitive paradigm. In only a few cases is there evidence of less than complete pass-through by Hong Kong's exporters. The panel data set also allows an additional question to be addressed. In particular, there is no evidence of differences in pass-through across export destinations. Thus, by inference, near complete pass-through by U.S. exporters suggests similar competitive behavior.

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Paper provided by Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research in its series Working Papers with number 112001.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:hkm:wpaper:112001
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  1. Parsley, David C, 1995. "Exchange-Rate Pass-through with Intertemporal Linkages: Evidence at the Commodity Level," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 3(3), pages 330-41, October.
  2. Jonathan McCarthy, 2007. "Pass-Through of Exchange Rates and Import Prices to Domestic Inflation in Some Industrialized Economies," Eastern Economic Journal, Eastern Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 511-537, Fall.
  3. Pinelopi K. Goldberg & Michael M. Knetter, 1996. "Goods Prices and Exchange Rates: What Have We Learned?," NBER Working Papers 5862, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Atish R. Ghosh & Holger C. Wolf, 1994. "Pricing in International Markets: Lessons From The Economist," NBER Working Papers 4806, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Kenneth A. Froot & Paul Klemperer, 1988. "Exchange Rate Pass-Through When Market Share Matters," NBER Working Papers 2542, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Catherine L. Mann, 1986. "Prices, profit margins, and exchange rates," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Jun, pages 366-379.
  7. Irving Kravis & Robert E. Lipsey, 1974. "International Trade Prices and Price Proxies," NBER Chapters, in: The Role of the Computer in Economic and Social Research in Latin America, pages 253-268 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Taylor, John B., 2000. "Low inflation, pass-through, and the pricing power of firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(7), pages 1389-1408, June.
  9. Yushi Yoshida & Shinji Takagi, 1999. "Exchange Rate Movements and Tradable Goods Prices in East Asia; An Analysis Basedon Japanese Customs Data, 1988-1998," IMF Working Papers 99/31, International Monetary Fund.
  10. Dornbusch, Rudiger, 1987. "Exchange Rates and Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(1), pages 93-106, March.
  11. Ilan Goldfajn & Sergio R.C. Werlang, 2000. "The pass-through from depreciation to inflation : a panel study," Textos para discussão 423, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  12. Knetter, Michael M, 1989. "Price Discrimination by U.S. and German Exporters," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(1), pages 198-210, March.
  13. Paul Krugman, 1986. "Pricing to Market when the Exchange Rate Changes," NBER Working Papers 1926, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  14. Sven W. Arndt & J. David Richardson, 1987. "Real-Financial Linkages Among Open Economies," NBER Working Papers 2230, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  15. Marston, Richard C., 1990. "Pricing to market in Japanese manufacturing," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(3-4), pages 217-236, November.
  16. Michael Bleaney, 1997. "Invoicing-Currency Effects in the Pricing of Japanese Exports of Manufactures," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(4), pages 968-74, November.
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