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Early childcare, child cognitive outcomes and inequalities in the UK

Author

Listed:
  • Daniela Del Boca

    () (University of Turin and Collegio Carlo Alberto)

  • Daniela Piazzalunga

    () (IRVAPP)

  • Chiara Pronzato

    () (University of Turin, CHILD and Collegio Carlo Alberto)

Abstract

In this empirical analysis, we estimate the link between formal childcare and child cognitive outcomes, controlling for a large number of variables. We use the Millennium Cohort Survey (MCS) for the United Kingdom, which provides very detailed information about several modalities of childcare as well as several child outcomes. We also simulate how an increase in formal childcare attendance can affect inequalities across children. Our results indicate that childcare attendance has a positive impact on child cognitive outcomes, which are stronger for children from low socioeconomic background.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela Del Boca & Daniela Piazzalunga & Chiara Pronzato, 2017. "Early childcare, child cognitive outcomes and inequalities in the UK," Working Papers 2017-005, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:hka:wpaper:2017-005
    Note: ECI, FI
    as

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    File URL: http://humcap.uchicago.edu/RePEc/hka/wpaper/delBoca_Piazzalunga_Pronzato_2017_earlychildcare-cog-outcomes.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2017
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Felfe, Christina & Lalive, Rafael, 2012. "Early Child Care and Child Development: For Whom it Works and Why," IZA Discussion Papers 7100, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J., 2003. "Human Capital Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 821, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Raquel Bernal, 2008. "The Effect Of Maternal Employment And Child Care On Children'S Cognitive Development," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1173-1209, November.
    4. Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Simonsen, Marianne, 2010. "Non-cognitive child outcomes and universal high quality child care," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-2), pages 30-43, February.
    5. Fitzpatrick Maria D, 2008. "Starting School at Four: The Effect of Universal Pre-Kindergarten on Children's Academic Achievement," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-40, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Early childcare, child cognitive outcomes and inequalities in the UK
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2017-03-22 00:53:22

    More about this item

    Keywords

    childcare; child cognitive outcomes; Millennium Cohort Survey; MCS;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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