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Early Childcare, Child Cognitive Outcomes and Inequalities in the UK

Author

Listed:
  • Del Boca, Daniela

    (University of Turin)

  • Piazzalunga, Daniela

    (University of Trento)

  • Pronzato, Chiara D.

    (University of Turin)

Abstract

The objective of this research is to explore the impact of early childcare on child cognitive outcomes. We utilize the Millennium Cohort Survey (MCS) for the United Kingdom, which provides very detailed information about several modalities of childcare as well as several child outcomes. In our empirical analysis, we estimate the association between formal childcare and child cognitive outcomes, allowing the effect of formal childcare to be different for children from different family backgrounds, controlling for a large number of variables (regarding the child, the mother, the father, the household). In a second step, we simulate how an increase in formal childcare attendance can affect inequalities across children. Our results show that childcare attendance has a positive impact on child cognitive outcomes, which are stronger for children from low socio–economic background.

Suggested Citation

  • Del Boca, Daniela & Piazzalunga, Daniela & Pronzato, Chiara D., 2016. "Early Childcare, Child Cognitive Outcomes and Inequalities in the UK," IZA Discussion Papers 10287, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp10287
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Christina Felfe & Rafael Lalive, 2012. "Early Child Care and Child Development: For Whom it Works and Why," CESifo Working Paper Series 4043, CESifo.
    2. Carneiro, Pedro & Heckman, James J., 2003. "Human Capital Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 821, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    3. Raquel Bernal, 2008. "The Effect Of Maternal Employment And Child Care On Children'S Cognitive Development," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 49(4), pages 1173-1209, November.
    4. Datta Gupta, Nabanita & Simonsen, Marianne, 2010. "Non-cognitive child outcomes and universal high quality child care," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1-2), pages 30-43, February.
    5. Felfe, Christina & Lalive, Rafael, 2012. "Early Child Care and Child Development: For Whom it Works and Why," IZA Discussion Papers 7100, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    6. Fitzpatrick Maria D, 2008. "Starting School at Four: The Effect of Universal Pre-Kindergarten on Children's Academic Achievement," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-40, November.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Early childcare, child cognitive outcomes and inequalities in the UK
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2017-03-22 00:53:22
    2. Early Childcare, Child Cognitive Outcomes and Inequalities in the UK
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2016-11-14 22:46:48

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    child care; child outcomes; inequalities;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare

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