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Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa

Author

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  • Durevall, Dick

    () (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

  • Lindskog, Annika

    () (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

We investigate the relationship between intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV among married women using Demographic and Health Survey data from ten sub-Saharan African countries, and find a strong association. The association is due to higher HIV risk among violent men; neither women’s decreased ability to protect themselves from HIV transmission within marriage, nor their risky sexual behavior, explains the link. Thus, it is not violence per se that drives the spread of HIV, but the fact that violent men are more likely to become HIV positive and then infect their wives. Programs that aim at reducing HIV by eliminating IPV should therefore also focus on men’s risky sexual behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Durevall, Dick & Lindskog, Annika, 2013. "Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers in Economics 563, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 14 Jan 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0563
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/2077/32623
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ho, Daniel E. & Imai, Kosuke & King, Gary & Stuart, Elizabeth A., 2007. "Matching as Nonparametric Preprocessing for Reducing Model Dependence in Parametric Causal Inference," Political Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 15(03), pages 199-236, June.
    2. Larry Sawers & Eileen Stillwaggon & Tom Hertz, 2008. "Cofactor Infections and HIV Epidemics in Developing Countries: Implications for Treatment," Working Papers 2008-03, American University, Department of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. David Fielding, 2013. "How Much Does Women's Empowerment Influence their Wellbeing? Evidence from Africa," Working Papers 1307, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Apr 2013.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    AIDS; Domestic violence; HIV; Intimate partner violence; Gender inequality; Sub-Saharan Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure

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