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The Law and Economics of International Sex Slavery: Prostitution Laws and Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation

Author

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  • Jakobsson, Niklas

    (Norwegian Social Research (NOVA))

  • Kotsadam, Andreas

    (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

Abstract

International trafficking in humans for sexual exploitation is an economic activity driven by profit motives, and up to four million people are estimated to be exploited by human traffickers each year. Laws regarding commercial sex influence the profitability of trafficking and may thus affect the inflow of trafficking to a country. Using two recent sources of European cross country data we show that trafficking of persons for commercial sexual exploitation (as proxied by the data sets we are using) is least prevalent in countries where prostitution is illegal, most prevalent in countries where prostitution is legalized, and in between in those countries where prostitution is legal but procuring illegal. Case studies of two countries (Norway and Sweden) that have criminalized buying sex support the possibility of a causal link from harsher prostitution laws to reduced trafficking. Although the data do not allow us to infer robust causal inference, the results suggest that criminalizing procuring, or going further and criminalizing buying and/or selling sex, may reduce the amount of trafficking to a country.

Suggested Citation

  • Jakobsson, Niklas & Kotsadam, Andreas, 2010. "The Law and Economics of International Sex Slavery: Prostitution Laws and Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation," Working Papers in Economics 458, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 07 Jun 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0458
    Note: Published in European Journal of Law and Economics (2013), Vol. 35, No. 1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    law and economics; prostitution; sexual exploitation; sex slavery; trafficking;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law

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