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Return Predictability in the Treasury Market: Real Rates, Inflation, and Liquidity

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  • Carolin E. Pflueger

    () (University of British Columbia)

  • Luis M. Viceira

    () (Harvard Business School, Finance Unit)

Abstract

Estimating the liquidity differential between inflation-indexed and nominal bond yields, we separately test for time-varying real rate risk premia, inflation risk premia, and liquidity premia in U.S. and U.K. bond markets. We find strong, model independent evidence that real rate risk premia and inflation risk premia contribute to nominal bond excess return predictability to quantitatively similar degrees. The estimated liquidity premium between U.S. inflation-indexed and nominal yields is systematic, ranges from 30 bps in 2005 to over 150 bps during 2008-2009, and contributes to return predictability in inflation-indexed bonds. We find no evidence that bond supply shocks generate return predictability.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolin E. Pflueger & Luis M. Viceira, 2011. "Return Predictability in the Treasury Market: Real Rates, Inflation, and Liquidity," Harvard Business School Working Papers 11-094, Harvard Business School, revised Sep 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:hbs:wpaper:11-094
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    Cited by:

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    2. Ed Westerhout & Ona Ciocyte, 2017. "The role of inflation-linked bonds," CPB Discussion Paper 344, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    3. Jens H. E. Christensen & Glenn D. Rudebusch, 2019. "A New Normal for Interest Rates? Evidence from Inflation-Indexed Debt," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 101(5), pages 933-949, December.
    4. Breedon, Francis, 2012. "A variance decomposition of index-linked bond returns," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 49-51.
    5. Westerhout, Ed & Ciocyte, Ona, 2017. "The Role of Inflation-Linked Bonds. Increasing, but Still Modest," Discussion Paper 2017-027, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    6. Daniela Kubudi & José Vicente, 2016. "A Joint Model of Nominal and Real Yield Curves," Working Papers Series 452, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
    7. Hanson, Samuel G. & Stein, Jeremy C., 2015. "Monetary policy and long-term real rates," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(3), pages 429-448.
    8. Mishra, Abinash & Srivastava, Pranjal & Chakrabarti, Anindya S., 2020. "'Too central to fail' firms in bi-layered financial networks: Evidence of linkages from the US corporate bond and stock markets," IIMA Working Papers WP 2020-06-02, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    9. Aytek Malkhozov & Philippe Mueller & Andrea Vedolin & Gyuri Venter, 2016. "Mortgage Risk and the Yield Curve," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 29(5), pages 1220-1253.
    10. Jens H. E. Christensen & Jose A. Lopez & Glenn D. Rudebusch, 2016. "Pricing Deflation Risk with US Treasury Yields," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 20(3), pages 1107-1152.
    11. Paolo Manasse & Luca Zavalloni, 2013. "Sovereign Contagion in Europe: Evidence from the CDS Market," Working Papers 471, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    12. Martin M. Andreasen & Jens H. E. Christensen & Simon Riddell, 2017. "The TIPS Liquidity Premium," Working Paper Series 2017-11, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    13. Westerhout, Ed & Ciocyte, Ona, 2017. "The Role of Inflation-Linked Bonds. Increasing, but Still Modest," Other publications TiSEM 08878bbd-e76e-4216-bee9-b, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    14. Jens H. E. Christensen & James M. Gillan, 2011. "A model-independent maximum range for the liquidity correction of TIPS yields," Working Paper Series 2011-16, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    15. Juan Andrés Espinosa-Torres & Luis Fernando Melo-Velandía & José Fernando Moreno-Gutiérrez, 2015. "Expectativas de inflación, prima de riesgo inflacionario y prima de liquidez: una descomposición del break-even inflation para los bonos del gobierno colombiano," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 013700, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    16. Ed Westerhout & Ona Ciocyte, 2017. "The role of inflation-linked bonds," CPB Discussion Paper 344.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    17. Alberto Di Iorio & Marco Fanari, 2020. "Break-even inflation rates: the Italian case," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 578, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    18. Matthew Canzoneri & Robert Cumby & Behzad Diba, 2015. "Monetary Policy and the Natural Rate of Interest," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 47(2-3), pages 383-414, March.
    19. Rajnish Mehra & Arunima Sinha, 2016. "The Term Structure of Interest Rates in India," NBER Working Papers 22020, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    20. Kaminska, Iryna & Liu, Zhuoshi & Relleen, Jon & Vangelista, Elisabetta, 2018. "What do the prices of UK inflation-linked securities say on inflation expectations, risk premia and liquidity risks?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 76-96.
    21. Melnick, Rafi & Strohsal, Till, 2017. "Disinflation in steps and the Phillips curve: Israel 1986–2015," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 145-161.
    22. Olivier J. Blanchard & Paolo Mauro & Julien Acalin, 2016. "The Case for Growth-Indexed Bonds in Advanced Economies Today," Policy Briefs PB16-2, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    23. Martin M. Andreasen & Jens H.E. Christensen & Simon Riddell, 2017. "The TIPS Liquidity Premium," CREATES Research Papers 2017-27, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
    24. Driessen, Joost & Nijman, Theo E. & Simon, Zorka, 2017. "The missing piece of the puzzle: Liquidity premiums in inflation-indexed markets," SAFE Working Paper Series 183, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
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    Keywords

    Term structure; Real interest rate risk; Inflation risk; Inflation-indexed bonds;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services

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