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Competition and Resource Sensitivity in Marriage and Roommate Markets

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  • Bettina Klaus

    (Harvard Business School, Negotiation, Organizations & Markets Unit)

Abstract

We consider one-to-one matching markets in which agents can either be matched as pairs or remain single. In these so-called roommate markets agents are consumers and resources at the same time. We investigate two new properties that capture the effect a newcomer has on incumbent agents. Competition sensitivity focuses on the newcomer as additional consumer and requires that some incumbents will suffer if competition is caused by a newcomer. Resource sensitivity focuses on the newcomer as additional resource and requires that this is beneficial for some incumbents. For solvable roommate markets, we provide the first characterizations of the core using either competition or resource sensitivity. On the domain of all roommate markets, we obtain two associated impossibility results.

Suggested Citation

  • Bettina Klaus, 2007. "Competition and Resource Sensitivity in Marriage and Roommate Markets," Harvard Business School Working Papers 09-072, Harvard Business School, revised Dec 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:hbs:wpaper:09-072
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Burak Can & Bettina Klaus, 2013. "Consistency and population sensitivity properties in marriage and roommate markets," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer;The Society for Social Choice and Welfare, vol. 41(4), pages 835-862, October.
    2. Thayer Morrill, 2013. "An alternative characterization of the deferred acceptance algorithm," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 42(1), pages 19-28, February.
    3. Mehmet Karakaya & Bettina Klaus, 2017. "Hedonic coalition formation games with variable populations: core characterizations and (im)possibilities," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 46(2), pages 435-455, May.
    4. Klaus, Bettina, 2017. "Consistency and its converse for roommate markets," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 43-58.
    5. Mustafa Oǧuz Afacan, 2019. "Matching with restricted trade," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer;Game Theory Society, vol. 48(3), pages 957-977, September.
    6. Yoichi Kasajima & Manabu Toda, 2021. "Singles monotonicity and stability in one-to-one matching problems," Working Papers 2023-1, Waseda University, Faculty of Political Science and Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Core; Matching; Competition Sensitivity; Resource Sensitivity; Roommate Market.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C78 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Bargaining Theory; Matching Theory
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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