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Impact de l'accroissement du prix des produits pétroliers sur la distribution des revenus au Mali

  • Kangni Kpodar

    (CERDI - Centre d'études et de recherches sur le developpement international - CNRS : UMR6587 - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I)

Cet article étudie les effets d'une augmentation des prix des produits pétroliers sur la distribution des revenus au Mali en utilisant une analyse micro-macro basée sur la combinaison de données d'enquête-ménages et d'une matrice input-output. Les résultats montrent que, parmi les produits pétroliers consommés par les ménages, l'accroissement du prix du pétrole lampant affecte négativement le revenu des ménages pauvres plus que l'accroissement du prix de l'essence et du gasoil. Globalement, l'impact de la hausse du prix des produits pétroliers suit une relation en U inversé avec le niveau de dépense par tête, les ménages des classes moyennes étant moins affectés que les ménages pauvres et les ménages riches. Par ailleurs, quel que soit le produit pétrolier considéré, les prix subventionnés à la pompe bénéficient plus aux ménages à haut revenu qu'aux ménages à faible revenu. Ceci suggère que les subventions implicites ou explicites aux prix domestiques des produits pétroliers sont des mécanismes peu efficaces, comparés à des subventions ciblées, pour protéger les ménages pauvres. Une réforme du système de fixation des prix domestiques est par conséquent souhaitable afin de réorienter l'affectation des ressources budgétaires aux objectifs de réduction de la pauvreté.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00557133.

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Date of creation: 18 Jan 2011
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00557133
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  1. McDonald, Scott & van Schoor, Melt, 2005. "A Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Analysis of the Impact of an Oil Price Increase in South Africa," Working Paper Series 15633, PROVIDE Project.
  2. Benedict J. Clements & Sanjeev Gupta & Hong-Sang Jung, 2003. "Real and Distributive Effects of Petroleum Price Liberalization: The Case of Indonesia," IMF Working Papers 03/204, International Monetary Fund.
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  4. Gately, D. & Huntington, H.G., 2001. "The Asymmetric Effects of Changes in Price and Income on Energy and Oil Demand," Working Papers 01-01, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
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